Soy Protein Supplement in Preventing Prostate Cancer in Patients With Elevated Prostate-Specific Antigen Levels

17:16 EST 21st December 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Soy protein supplement may prevent or delay the development of prostate cancer in patients who have elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to determine the effectiveness of soy protein supplement in preventing prostate cancer in patients who have elevated PSA levels.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Compare the reduction in the rate of prostatic cellular proliferation in patients with an elevated PSA (5 to 10 ng/mL) and a negative biopsy for prostate cancer when treated with daily soy protein supplements vs placebo.

- Compare the effect of these regimens on additional biomarkers of prostate cancer (PSA, high-grade prostate intraepithelial neoplasia, induction of apoptosis, sex steroid receptor expression, and loss of glutathione S-transferase-pi) in these patients.

- Compare the effect of these regimens on quality of life, including urinary and sexual function, in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to race (Caucasian vs African American). After 2 weeks of daily oral placebo, patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

- Arm I: Patients receive oral soy protein supplement daily for 12 months.

- Arm II: Patients receive oral placebo daily for 12 months. Quality of life is assessed at baseline and at 6 and 12 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 160 patients (80 per arm) will be accrued for this study within 12 months.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Prostate Cancer

Intervention

soy protein isolate

Location

Walter Reed Army Medical Center
Washington
District of Columbia
United States
20307-5001

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.

Proteins secreted by the prostate gland. The major secretory proteins from the human prostate gland include PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN, prostate-specific acid phosphatase, prostate-specific membrane antigen, and prostate-specific protein-94.

A synthetic retinoid that is used orally as a chemopreventive against prostate cancer and in women at risk of developing contralateral breast cancer. It is also effective as an antineoplastic agent.

Tissue ablation of the PROSTATE performed by ultrasound from a transducer placed in the RECTUM. The procedure is used to treat prostate cancer (PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS) and benign prostatic hypertrophy (PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA).

Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.

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