Using Drug Levels and Drug Resistance Testing to Select Effective Anti-HIV Drug Combinations in Patients With Drug-resistant HIV
Because people infected with HIV strains that are resistant to anti-HIV drugs have fewer effective treatment options, selecting an effective anti-HIV drug combination is difficult. A combination of protease inhibitors (PIs), when added to a patient's current anti-HIV therapy, may decrease viral load and increase drug activity. Tests that measure drug levels in the blood and tests to evaluate the drug resistance of HIV may also be helpful in choosing the best anti-HIV drug combination for a patient. This study will determine whether using these tests to choose a drug combination and adding PIs to that combination will improve the patient's response to anti-HIV therapy.
Treatment options are limited for HIV infected individuals who have extensive treatment experience and harbor resistance to antiretrovirals (ARVs) from multiple drug classes. Increasing the concentration of PIs in a regimen may be one way to provide more substantial ARV activity. It is uncertain how combining specific PIs with RTV affects viral susceptibility and ARV effect. The relationship of PI concentration (e.g., Cmin) to virus susceptibility (IC50) may be a better predictor of treatment outcome than susceptibility alone. This study will evaluate the predictive value of pharmacokinetic-adjusted phenotypic susceptibility (C12h/IC50) on ARV response to ritonavir (RTV)-boosted regimens in patients failing their current PI-containing regimens.
Participants will have blood drawn during a screening visit for phenotypic assay and to determine viral load. At study entry, participants will discontinue their PIs while continuing to take their other ARVs. Each participant and his or her doctor will choose to add one of three RTV-boosted regimens: 1) indinavir (IDV) and RTV; 2) fosamprenavir (FPV) and RTV; or 3) lopinavir (LPV)/RTV plus additional RTV. Participants will take this regimen for 14 days. On Day 14, patients will have a 12-hour pharmacokinetic evaluation. On Day 15, patients will add tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) to their regimens and may choose to modify their other ARVs while continuing their RTV-boosted therapy. Participants will have additional study visits at Weeks 4, 8, 16, and 24. Study visits will include a physical exam and blood and urine tests. Participants will complete adherence questionnaires four times during the course of the study.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
lopinavir/ritonavir, indinavir sulfate, tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, ritonavir, fosamprenavir
Univ of Alabama at Birmingham
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00027339
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An HIV protease inhibitor that works by interfering with the reproductive cycle of HIV.
Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.
An enzyme that catalyzes the activation of sulfate ions by ATP to form adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate and pyrophosphate. This reaction constitutes the first enzymatic step in sulfate utilization following the uptake of sulfate. EC 184.108.40.206.
An arylsulfatase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the 4-sulfate groups of the N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 4-sulfate units of chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate. A deficiency of this enzyme is responsible for the inherited lysosomal disease, Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS VI). EC 220.127.116.11.
An enzyme that specifically cleaves the ester sulfate of iduronic acid. Its deficiency has been demonstrated in Hunter's syndrome, which is characterized by an excess of dermatan sulfate and heparan sulfate. EC 18.104.22.168.
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