Computed Tomography for Early Detection of Cancer in Women Who Are at Risk for Lung Cancer
RATIONALE: Imaging procedures such as computed tomography may improve the ability to detect lung cancer earlier.
PURPOSE: Screening and diagnostic study of computed tomography in women who are at risk for lung cancer.
- Determine the ability of computed tomography (CT) to detect early lung parenchymal abnormalities in women at high risk for lung cancer.
- Determine the number of abnormal findings detected by CT that develop into lung cancer in these patients.
- Correlate these abnormalities with the presence of K-ras and p53 mutations in the sputum and bronchoalveolar lavage in these patients.
- Develop and implement appropriate educational materials regarding lung cancer in women and provide referrals to other programs, such as smoking cessation programs.
OUTLINE: Patients complete a questionnaire at baseline to assess demographics, medical history, smoking history, menopausal status, estrogen therapy, and diet.
Patients then undergo a low-dose computed tomography (CT) scan without contrast. Patients with normal CT results undergo additional CT scans every 12 months.
Patients with abnormal CT results undergo a diagnostic CT scan (in the absence of prior studies). Patients with indeterminate nodules (less than 5 mm in size) undergo surveillance CT studies within 3-4 months. If nodules remain unchanged in size, patients undergo additional surveillance CT studies at 6 months and 1 year. Patients with lung parenchymal abnormalities on CT suspicious for malignancy undergo a bronchoscopy with biopsy and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). Patients with abnormal CT scan(s) and negative BAL for p53 and/or K-ras mutations or normal histology and positive BAL for K-ras and/or p53 mutations undergo additional CT scans at 6 months and 1 year. Patients with biopsy-proven malignancy after bronchoscopy are referred for definitive treatment.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 500 patients will be accrued for this study.
Primary Purpose: Screening
bronchoalveolar lavage, screening questionnaire administration, sputum cytology, bronchoscopic and lung imaging studies, bronchoscopy, computed tomography, study of high risk factors
NYU School of Medicine's Kaplan Comprehensive Cancer Center
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00012103
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Washing out of the lungs with saline or mucolytic agents for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It is very useful in the diagnosis of diffuse pulmonary infiltrates in immunosuppressed patients.
Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid
Washing liquid obtained from irrigation of the lung, including the BRONCHI and the PULMONARY ALVEOLI. It is generally used to assess biochemical, inflammatory, or infection status of the lung.
The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
Cattell Personality Factor Questionnaire
Self report questionnaire which yields 16 scores on personality traits, such as reserved vs. outgoing, humble vs. assertive, etc.
Administration of a drug or chemical by the individual under the direction of a physician. It includes administration clinically or experimentally, by human or animal.
RATIONALE: Screening tests, such as sputum cytology, may help doctors find tumor cells early and plan better treatment for lung cancer. PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well s...
RATIONALE: Screening tests or exams may help doctors find lung cancer sooner, when it may be easier to treat. PURPOSE: This randomized clinical trial is studying screening tests or exams...
Background and Objectives: There is a need to validate and suggest easy and less costly diagnostic method for diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia in developing country. The study...
The MiniMax® study is a multicenter randomized controlled study aimed at demonstrating that a combination of non-invasive diagnostic tools are as effective as fiberoptic bronchoscopy and...
The proposed study will evaluate adult patients admitted to the medical or surgical intensive care units (ICUs) at San Francisco General Hospital (SFGH). On admission, patients will be ra...
BACKGROUND: Cytologic examination of specimens obtained from the respiratory tract is a lung cancer diagnostic procedure with high specificity, but moderate sensitivity. The use of molecular biomarker...
Inducted sputum (IS) is a non-invasive procedure that can be used for collection of airway secretions. The aim of our study is to evaluate the clinical usefulness of IS for detection of airway inflamm...
L. Lacoste-Collin, G. Martin-Blondel, C. Basset-Léobon, V. Lauwers-Cancès, D. d'Aure, J. Aziza, A. Berry, B Marchou, M.B. Delisle and M. Courtade-Saïdi Investigation of the significance of Oil Red...
Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) is a useful technique for differential diagnosis of various interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) and is usually realized by analysis of the differential cell count. This stud...
BACKGROUND: The detection of intraperitoneal free cancer cells in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients is associated with a poorer prognosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of intrap...