Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
To implement and evaluate a comprehensive asthma education and prevention program in all 54 public elementary schools in the predominantly minority Birmingham, Alabama school system.
The study was part of an initiative "Interventions to Improve Asthma Management and Prevention at School". The Broad Agency Announcement was released in June, 1994.
The study had several objectives. The first was to demonstrate that a comprehensive school-based asthma education program could be implemented, using existing resources, in a largely poor, inner city educational environment. The second objective was to provide broad information on asthma and its management to elementary school faculties in order to help reduce fear and anxiety due to lack of knowledge about asthma. The third was to provide curriculum-based information about asthma to the general student bodies of elementary schools. The fourth objective was to institute a cost effective screening program that would identify elementary school students with asthma. The fifth was to provide an education program designed to improve knowledge and prevention. The sixth was to develop an individual asthma action plan for students with asthma that would improve their management and prevention skills and to coordinate the individual asthma action plan with school personnel and activities in order to improve support for the students in following their management plans.
The program was evaluated through a randomized controlled design with the schools as the unit of randomization and the students the unit of analysis. The Birmingham public schools were divided into three cohorts of 18 schools each on the basis of geographic location. Schools were randomly assigned within cohorts so that nine schools were experimental and nine were control. The research protocol was implemented in the first cohort in the fall of 1995, in the second cohort in the fall of 1996, and in the third cohort in the fall of 1997. Students with asthma were followed for three school terms following collection of baseline data and implementation of the education program. Outcomes were assessed in terms of school absences and performance, health care utilization, quality of life and asthma morbidity during school.
Observational Model: Natural History
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-26T22:57:40-0400
To assess the separate and interactive effects of asthma severity, subspecialty practice variation, asthma-related psychosocial variables, and other factors on asthma outcomes, including a...
It is important for people with asthma to become involved in their asthma care and management. This study will evaluate an interactive Web site that provides tailored feedback and informat...
The purpose of this study is to determine if teaching children with asthma how to talk to their doctor about controlling their asthma including symptom frequency in an asthma diary and med...
This study aims to evaluate the asthma control status, asthma symptoms (severity, frequency, and limitations on activities, etc.), QOL, and use of drugs for asthma attack in adult asthma p...
Some patients with mild asthma may develop severe asthma. It is not known what makes patients with mild asthma become severe, and we plan to find out why this happens. Patients with sever...
Asthma is the most common pediatric chronic disease affecting 9.6 % of American children. Delay in asthma diagnosis is prevalent, resulting in suboptimal asthma management. To help avoid delay in ast...
Current literature indicates that asthma is more prevalent among obese individuals. In addition, studies have shown that higher body mass index (BMI), particularly BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2, is associated with...
Asthma is a common disease affecting millions of people worldwide and exerting an enormous strain on health resources in many countries. Evidence is increasing that asthma is unlikely to be a single d...
This study examined the factor structures and reliabilities of the Asthma Control Test (ACT) and the Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ-7; ACQ-6) and the correspondence between them in assessing both l...
Gender differences in asthma incidence, prevalence and severity have been reported worldwide. After puberty, asthma becomes more prevalent and severe in women, and is highest in women with early menar...
Asthma attacks following a period of exercise. Usually the induced attack is short-lived and regresses spontaneously. The magnitude of postexertional airway obstruction is strongly influenced by the environment in which exercise is performed (i.e. inhalation of cold air during physical exertion markedly augments the severity of the airway obstruction; conversely, warm humid air blunts or abolishes it).
Drugs that are used to treat asthma.
A beta-adrenergic agonist used in the treatment of asthma and bronchospasms.
An adrenergic beta-agonist used as a bronchodilator agent in asthma therapy.
Adrenergic beta-2 agonist used as bronchodilator for emphysema, bronchitis and asthma.
The term allergy is used to describe a response, within the body, to a substance, which is not necessarily harmful in itself, but results in an immune response and a reaction that causes symptoms and disease in a predisposed person, which in turn can cau...
Asthma is caused by inflammation of small tubes, called bronchi, which carry air in and out of the lungs. If you have asthma, the bronchi will be inflamed and more sensitive than normal. When you come into contact with something that irritates your...
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...