CVD Nutrition Education for Low Literacy ESL Students
To promote cardiovascular health through nutritional education in a low literacy population enrolled in English as a Second Language (ESL) courses in the San Diego Community College District.
The investigator originally applied for the grant in response to an NHLBI initiative on "CVD Nutrition Education for Low Literacy Skills". The initiative originated within the Prevention and Demonstration Branch of the DECA, was approved by the September 1988 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Advisory Council, and released in July 1990. However, the grant was not awarded as part of the RFA.
An estimated 1,800 students in 90 different classes were randomly assigned to the special nutritional intervention or an attention-control condition where a certification course in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was taught. Specially trained ESL teachers actually led the intervention classes, which were designed in accordance with the NHLBI and American Red Cross guidelines, respectively. Specific educational content for the intervention group included sources of dietary fat and cholesterol nutrients affecting blood pressure, basic shopping skills, food preparation skills , and dealing with special occasions, i.e., potlucks. A booster session was held to monitor progress, provide reinforcement for success or additional problem solving for difficulties, review materials, and plan maintenance. Consistent with a Social Learning (Cognitive) Theory (SLT) framework, all sessions included modeling*, role playing, corrective feedback and social reinforcement, homework, and confidence building activities. With attention to the specific needs of this population which was low in literacy (at least in English), the smallest amount of information necessary was presented, each point was made as vividly as possible, participants restated and otherwise demonstrated their mastery of the material, and frequent repetition was used. A substantial period of formative research emphasized specific adaptations of existing material to make it appropriate for this population.
Measurement occurred at baseline, at three months and at a six months follow-up. Measures included blood pressure, total cholesterol, height/weight, waist and hip circumference, 24-hour dietary recall, SLT-based knowledge, attitude and behavior variables, the Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment System (CASAS) Life Skills Reading Test and Spanish literacy through the Cloze technique. All self-report measurement except the CASAS was conducted in English or Spanish, primarily through oral interview. SLT knowledge, attitude, and behavioral measures of instructors in study and non-study classes were also assessed.
Observational Model: Natural History
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00005729
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Death, Sudden, Cardiac
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena
Processes and properties of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
Dental Care For Chronically Ill
Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
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