Coronary Disease Morbidity and Mortality in a Population
To study the entire population of Olmsted County, Minnesota, including all age categories, to examine the secular trends in coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality, myocardial infarction (MI) incidence, and natural history, including MI severity, case fatality and post-MI morbidity. Also, to examine the time trends in the prevalence of CHD at post-mortem because of the uniquely high autopsy rate in Olmsted County.
Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death in the U.S. Despite an encouraging decline in age-adjusted coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality, prevalent CHD continues to represent a major health burden, particularly in the elderly population. Most community surveillance programs, however, cannot fully characterize this problem because they are restricted to an upper age limit of 74 years and thus do not include the events occurring in an increasingly growing part of the population. Observational studies have questioned the existence of a change over time in the prevalence of anatomic coronary disease either at post-mortem examination or at coronary angiography. This remains to be further examined in a population-based setting. In addition, the natural history of myocardial infarction (MI) in the reperfusion area is unknown; in particular, there are no population-based data on the incidence of post-MI heart failure.
The records of all Olmsted County residents with a hospital discharge diagnosis of MI between 1979 and 1999 were reviewed, and standard epidemiologic MI validation criteria were applied; post-MI outcome over time was determined, including post-MI heart failure, angina, 30 day case fatality and long-term survival. In parallel with the analysis of time trends in CHD mortality, the autopsy reports were reviewed to examine whether the prevalence of coronary disease at autopsy has changed over time. These studies provided an assessment of the clinical and anatomical manifestations of CHD, including the outcome of acute MI, over a time period characterized by intensified primary prevention efforts and major changes in the treatment of acute CHD.
The study was renewed in July 2002 to continue surveillance of acute coronary heart disease events in order to address issues surrounding the diagnostic precision and risk stratification potential of troponin and high sensitivity C reactive protein (CRP) and to monitor secular trends in severity and treatment modalities. Novel approaches to the procurement of carefully timed blood samples allow direct measurement of the increase in number of cases of myocardial infarction using the new biomarker, troponin. An examination will be made of the prognostic value of quantitative peak troponin measured at 24 to 36 hours and high sensitivity C reactive protein measured early after symptom onset in the myocardial infarction cohort.
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00005502
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Death, Sudden, Cardiac
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena
Processes and properties of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
Dental Care For Chronically Ill
Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
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