Epidemiology of Hypertensive Emergency
To test the hypotheses that hypertensive emergency was associated with non-compliance with antihypertensive medication, low level of contact with the medical care system, and alcohol abuse and cigarette smoking. Also, to describe the clinical characteristics of patients hospitalized with hypertensive emergency including morbidity, mortality, and cost, and the extent to which hypertensive emergency occured among previously diagnosed and treated hypertensives.
While less frequent than in the era before effective treatment for hypertension, hypertensive emergency remains a relatively common cause of hospital admission in some sub-populations. In 1989, hypertensive emergency accounted for approximately 60 admissions per year to the Medical Service at Presbyterian Hospital, and a somewhat higher proportion of intensive care unit admissions and utilization. The importance of hypertensive emergency may have been underestimated because the International Classification of Diseases discharge codes included only malignant hypertension, a severe form comprising only about half of the admissions for hypertensive emergency. There had been almost no epidemiologic studies of hypertensive emergency since 1969, and very little was known about risk factors.
A matched case-control study design was used. Cases were obtained from admissions to the Medical Service at Presbyterian Hospital. Morbidity and mortality data were obtained by follow-up of the case series.
Observational Model: Natural History
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00005240
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Death, Sudden, Cardiac
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena
Processes and properties of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
Dental Care For Chronically Ill
Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
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