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MRI and CT Scans to Evaluate Invasive Cervical Cancer Before Treating Patients

2014-08-27 03:58:07 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Imaging procedures such as MRI or CT scans may improve the ability to detect cervical cancer and determine the extent of disease.

PURPOSE: Diagnostic trial to determine the effectiveness of MRI and CT scans in evaluating invasive cervical cancer before treatment of patients.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Compare the diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), and clinical FIGO staging in patients with invasive cervical cancer.

- Compare the accuracy of MRI, CT, and clinical FIGO staging in the evaluation of morphologic tumor prognostic factors in FIGO stage IB1 and stage IB2 and greater in these patients.

- Examine the value of imaging assessment of tumor prognostic factors (alone or in combination) as predictors of recurrence within 2 years of surgery in these patients.

- Evaluate the quality of life in the 12-month period after staging and treatment to potentially change staging accuracy.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients undergo a computed tomography scan with iodinated contrast dye followed by a magnetic resonance imaging scan with or without contrast comprising gadopentetate dimeglumine or vice versa.

Within 6 weeks of first protocol imaging study, patients undergo one of the following surgeries:

- Laparoscopic, transabdominal, or transvaginal hysterectomy

- Extrafascial total abdominal hysterectomy

- Trachelectomy Quality of life is assessed at 1 and 12 months.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year and then every 6 months for 1 year.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 465 patients will be accrued for this study within 18 months.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Conditions

Cervical Cancer

Intervention

iodinated contrast dye, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, gadopentetate dimeglumine

Location

Morristown Memorial Hospital
Morristown
New Jersey
United States
07962-1956

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:07-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Descriptive anatomy based on three-dimensional imaging (IMAGING, THREE-DIMENSIONAL) of the body, organs, and structures using a series of computer multiplane sections, displayed by transverse, coronal, and sagittal analyses. It is essential to accurate interpretation by the radiologist of such techniques as ultrasonic diagnosis, MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING, and computed tomography (TOMOGRAPHY, X-RAY COMPUTED). (From Lane & Sharfaei, Modern Sectional Anatomy, 1992, Preface)

Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).

The creation of a visual display of the inside of the entire body of a human or animal for the purposes of diagnostic evaluation. This is most commonly achieved by using MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; or POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY.

The use of molecularly targeted imaging probes to localize and/or monitor biochemical and cellular processes via various imaging modalities that include RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING; ULTRASONOGRAPHY; MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; fluorescence imaging; and MICROSCOPY.

Visualization of the heart structure and cardiac blood flow for diagnostic evaluation or to guide cardiac procedures via techniques including ENDOSCOPY (cardiac endoscopy, sometimes refered to as cardioscopy), RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING; MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; TOMOGRAPHY; or ULTRASONOGRAPHY.

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