Acamprosate Treatment: Mechanisms of Action
This study will examine whether pretreatment with two doses of acamprosate for seven days prior to abstinence lessens the intensity of acute withdrawal from alcohol compared with a placebo. Subjects will be randomly assigned to receive either one of two doses of acamprosate or placebo for seven days. This will be followed by a four- day inpatient period when withdrawal will be monitored. Additional drinking information will be obtained at a three month followup interview.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Substance Abuse Treatment Unit, University of Connecticut
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00004552
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
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Cancer patients with a history of alcoholism may be problematic. The frequency of alcoholism among patients with advanced cancer has never been reported in Italy or other European countries.
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts research focused on improving the treatment and prevention of alcoholism and alcohol-related problems to reduce the health, social, and economic consequences of this disease. NIAAA, NIMH, and NIDA were created as coequal institutes within the Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration in 1974. It was established within the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH in 1992.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE a common weed of the southeast US. There has been folk use for alcoholism and liver protection. It contains puerarin, kakkalide, daidzein (isoflavonoids), and kudzusaponins (oleanene-type triterpene glycosides).
A mental disorder associated with chronic ethanol abuse (ALCOHOLISM) and nutritional deficiencies characterized by short term memory loss, confabulations, and disturbances of attention. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1139)
Substances interfering with the metabolism of ethyl alcohol, causing unpleasant side effects thought to discourage the drinking of alcoholic beverages. Alcohol deterrents are used in the treatment of alcoholism.