Randomized Study of Hormonal Regulation of Infantile Hemangioma
OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the clinical efficacy of leuprolide, a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa), in treating infants with vision-endangering or large, disfiguring hemangiomas.
II. Assess the impact of GnRHa on growth and development during infancy. III. Assess the safety of GnHRa in these patients.
PROTOCOL OUTLINE: This is a randomized, placebo-controlled study. Patients are stratified according to gender and by position of the lesion (periorbital vs nonperiorbital).
All patients receive oral prednisone daily for 3 weeks. Patients are then randomized to receive either placebo or leuprolide IM every 3 weeks, while continuing oral prednisone. Tumors are assessed at 1, 3, and 6 weeks. If the tumor is not responding, the leuprolide will be administered every 2 weeks. Tumors are reassessed at 3 and 6 months, at which point the treatment is stopped. Responding patients are observed every 3 weeks for 3 months. If the tumor begins to grow again, leuprolide may be administered for another 3 months. Patients whose tumors grow rapidly during treatment may crossover to the alternate therapy, repeat the leuprolide or prednisone therapy, or undergo surgical excision.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Primary Purpose: Treatment
FDA Office of Orphan Products Development
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00004436
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Pulmonary Sclerosing Hemangioma
A benign neoplasm of pneumocytes, cells of the PULMONARY ALVEOLI. Originally considered to be vascular in origin, it is now classified as an epithelial tumor with several elements, including solid cellular areas, papillary structure, sclerotic regions, and dilated blood-filled spaces resembling HEMANGIOMA.
A dull red, firm, dome-shaped hemangioma, sharply demarcated from surrounding skin, usually located on the head and neck, which grows rapidly and generally undergoes regression and involution without scarring. It is caused by proliferation of immature capillary vessels in active stroma, and is usually present at birth or occurs within the first two or three months of life. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A synthetic anti-inflammatory glucocorticoid derived from CORTISONE. It is biologically inert and converted to PREDNISOLONE in the liver.
An antineoplastic agent used primarily in combination with mechlorethamine, vincristine, and prednisone (the MOPP protocol) in the treatment of Hodgkin's disease.
A potent synthetic long-acting agonist of GONADOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE that regulates the synthesis and release of pituitary gonadotropins, LUTEINIZING HORMONE and FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE.
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