Biological Therapy in Treating Patients With Stage I, Stage II, or Stage III Pancreatic Cancer That Has Been Surgically Removed
RATIONALE: White blood cells that have been treated with carcinoembryonic antigen peptide-1 may help the body build an immune response to and kill tumor cells that express CEA.
PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of white blood cells plus carcinoembryonic antigen peptide-1 in treating patients with stage I, stage II, or stage III pancreatic cancer that has been surgically removed.
OBJECTIVES: I. Perform a pilot study of active immunotherapy with autologous dendritic cells pulsed with the CEA peptide, CAP-1, after surgical resection in patients with CEA expressing pancreatic cancer. II. Perform laboratory analysis to monitor the presence, persistence, and function of CAP-1 specific T-cells in this patient population.
OUTLINE: Patients undergo leukapheresis for up to 4.5 hours prior to vaccination. Half of the collected dendritic cells are pulsed with carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) peptide and the other half are pulsed with hepatitis B antigen peptide (HBsAg). Equal doses of CEA and HBsAg peptide pulsed dendritic cells are administered intravenously over 3 minutes every 4 weeks for a total of 6 doses each. Patients undergo a second leukopheresis 2 weeks after the last dose of immunotherapy to obtain specimens for immunologic tests. Patients are followed at weeks 22, 36, 48, and every 6 months thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 24 patients will be accrued for this study over 2 years.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
carcinoembryonic antigen peptide 1, hepatitis B antigen peptide
Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00003434
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The middle segment of proinsulin that is between the N-terminal B-chain and the C-terminal A-chain. It is a pancreatic peptide of about 31 residues, depending on the species. Upon proteolytic cleavage of proinsulin, equimolar INSULIN and C-peptide are released. C-peptide immunoassay has been used to assess pancreatic beta cell function in diabetic patients with circulating insulin antibodies or exogenous insulin. Half-life of C-peptide is 30 min, almost 8 times that of insulin.
A 36-amino acid peptide produced by the L cells of the distal small intestine and colon. Peptide YY inhibits gastric and pancreatic secretion.
A glycoprotein that is secreted into the luminal surface of the epithelia in the gastrointestinal tract. It is found in the feces and pancreaticobiliary secretions and is used to monitor the response to colon cancer treatment.
Those hepatitis B antigens found on the surface of the Dane particle and on the 20 nm spherical and tubular particles. Several subspecificities of the surface antigen are known. These were formerly called the Australia antigen.
Sialylated Lewis blood group carbohydrate antigen found in many adenocarcinomas of the digestive tract, especially pancreatic tumors.
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