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Radiation Therapy Plus Amifostine in Treating Patients With Primary Prostate Cancer

2014-08-27 03:58:46 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Amifostine may protect normal cells from the side effects of radiation therapy.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of radiation therapy plus amifostine in treating patients with primary prostate cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the incidence, grade, and time course of acute grade 2 or higher gastrointestinal and genitourinary toxicities in patients with primary prostate adenocarcinoma receiving amifostine plus fractionated radiotherapy. II. Determine the incidence and nature of toxicity associated with amifostine in these patients. III. Assess tumor response to this treatment in these patients. IV. Assess impotency rates following radiotherapy in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is an open label study. Patients receive fractionated radiotherapy five days per week for 7 weeks plus amifostine IV push over 5 minutes, 15 minutes before each radiation treatment. Patients are followed at 1 month after radiotherapy, and then every 3 months for at least 5 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: There will be 25 patients accrued into this study over 2 years.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Prostate Cancer

Intervention

amifostine trihydrate, radiation therapy

Location

Arizona Cancer Center
Tucson
Arizona
United States
85724

Status

Completed

Source

University of Arizona

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:46-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Preliminary cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone/endocrine therapy, immunotherapy, hyperthermia, etc.) that precedes a necessary second modality of treatment.

A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.

Drug therapy given to augment or stimulate some other form of treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.

A phosphorothioate proposed as a radiation-protective agent. It causes splenic vasodilation and may block autonomic ganglia.

Organs which might be damaged during exposure to a toxin or to some form of therapy. It most frequently refers to healthy organs located in the radiation field during radiation therapy.

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