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PURPOSE: Randomized double-blinded phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of epidural hydromorphone with hydromorphone infusion in patients with prostate cancer undergoing radical prostatectomy.
OBJECTIVES: I. Define the duration of action of hydromorphone (spinal vs supraspinal) in patients who have undergone radical prostatectomy. II. Demonstrate that the duration of the analgesic effects of equal blood concentrations of hydromorphone is dependent on the method used to attain this concentration by comparing continuous epidural infusion with that of a continuous intravenous infusion.
OUTLINE: This is a double blinded, randomized study. After all patients have undergone radical prostatectomy, hydromorphone is administered in two different ways. Patients receive either a hydromorphone bolus injection through an epidural catheter using a patient controlled analgesia pump or a hydromorphone bolus injection through an intravenous catheter using a patient controlled analgesia pump. Infusion for both groups is stopped at 24 hours. Patients are followed every 30 minutes for 6 hours.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 40 patients will be accrued into this study over a 3 year period.
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-26T22:58:52-0400
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical usefulness of hydromorphone OROS in improvement of sleep disturbance provoked by cancer pain.
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and efficacy of hydromorphone hydrochloride by intrathecal administration using a programmable implantable pump.
We wish to examine the safety and speed of onset of giving a dose of 1mg hydromorphone followed by an additional 1mg. Eligible patients will be given 1 mg IV hydromorphone. At 15 minutes...
Both morphine and hydromorphone are pain medications commonly used after surgery. It is thought at our institution that hydromorphone causes less side effects but this has not been studie...
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the clinical equivalence of hydromorphone and morphine (immediate-release [IR] and sustained-release [SR] formulations) using the "worst pain i...
Morphine has traditionally been considered the first line agent for analgesia in hospitals; however, in the last few years there has been a shift towards the use of hydromorphone as a first line agent...
OBJECTIVE To establish the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of desflurane and evaluate the effects of 2 opioids on MAC in sheep. ANIMALS 8 adult nulliparous mixed-breed sheep. PROCEDURES A randomi...
Objective - Efficacy and safety of a novel multiple-unit hydromorphone once daily (HOD) was compared to an established hydromorphone twice daily (HTD) regimen in patients with moderate-to-severe chron...
The analgesic efficacy of liposomal hydromorphone (LE-hydro) was tested in dogs undergoing limb amputation. The positive controls (n = 10) received subcutaneous (SQ) hydromorphone (0.2 mg/kg) and 1.5 ...
A prospective multicentre study to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of osmotic release oral system hydromorphone in opioid-naive cancer patients: Results of the Korean South West Oncology Group study.
A type of pain that is perceived in an area away from the site where the pain arises, such as facial pain caused by lesion of the VAGUS NERVE, or throat problem generating referred pain in the ear.
Pain in the facial region including orofacial pain and craniofacial pain. Associated conditions include local inflammatory and neoplastic disorders and neuralgic syndromes involving the trigeminal, facial, and glossopharyngeal nerves. Conditions which feature recurrent or persistent facial pain as the primary manifestation of disease are referred to as FACIAL PAIN SYNDROMES.
An opioid analgesic made from MORPHINE and used mainly as an analgesic. It has a shorter duration of action than morphine.
Conditions characterized by pain involving an extremity or other body region, HYPERESTHESIA, and localized autonomic dysfunction following injury to soft tissue or nerve. The pain is usually associated with ERYTHEMA; SKIN TEMPERATURE changes, abnormal sudomotor activity (i.e., changes in sweating due to altered sympathetic innervation) or edema. The degree of pain and other manifestations is out of proportion to that expected from the inciting event. Two subtypes of this condition have been described: type I; (REFLEX SYMPATHETIC DYSTROPHY) and type II; (CAUSALGIA). (From Pain 1995 Oct;63(1):127-33)
Discomfort or more intense forms of pain that are localized to the cervical region. This term generally refers to pain in the posterior or lateral regions of the neck.
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...
Head and neck cancers
Cancer can occur in any of the tissues or organs in the head and neck. There are over 30 different places that cancer can develop in the head and neck area. Mouth cancers (oral cancers) - Mouth cancer can develop on the lip, the tongue, the floor...