Immunotherapy for Lymphoproliferative Diseases Associated With Epstein-Barr Virus in Patients Who Have Undergone Organ Transplants
RATIONALE: Donor lymphocytes that have been exposed to Epstein-Barr virus may be able to help the body kill cancers associated with this virus.
PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of Epstein-Barr virus-specific T cells derived from matched donors in organ transplant patients with lymphoproliferative diseases associated with Epstein-Barr virus.
OBJECTIVES: I. Examine the toxic effects of allogeneic Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) for the treatment of EBV lymphoproliferative diseases (LPD) in organ transplant recipients. II. Determine the level of in vivo expansion of allogeneic CTL and the period of time during which these CTL's can be detected in the blood of recipients of the T cell infusions.
OUTLINE: Donors undergo leukapheresis, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) specific cytoxic T lymphocytes are cultivated in vitro. Patients receive infusions of EBV specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes over 5 to 10 minutes on weeks 0, 2, and 4. Patients with stable disease and those achieving partial remission are followed weekly for signs of disease progression.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: 10 patients will be accrued in this study.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
allogeneic Epstein-Barr virus-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes
University of Alabama Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00002956
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A common, acute infection usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN). There is an increase in mononuclear white blood cells and other atypical lymphocytes, generalized lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and occasionally hepatomegaly with hepatitis.
A critical subpopulation of regulatory T-lymphocytes involved in MHC Class I-restricted interactions. They include both cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and CD8+ suppressor T-lymphocytes.
Abelson Murine Leukemia Virus
A replication-defective strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) capable of transforming lymphoid cells and producing a rapidly progressing lymphoid leukemia after superinfection with FRIEND MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS; MOLONEY MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS; or RAUSCHER VIRUS.
Lymphocytes responsible for cell-mediated immunity. Two types have been identified - cytotoxic (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and helper T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, HELPER-INDUCER). They are formed when lymphocytes circulate through the THYMUS GLAND and differentiate to thymocytes. When exposed to an antigen, they divide rapidly and produce large numbers of new T cells sensitized to that antigen.
Epithelial hyperplasia of the oral mucosa associated with Epstein-Barr virus (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN) and found almost exclusively in persons with HIV infection. The lesion consists of a white patch that is often corrugated or hairy.
RATIONALE: Peripheral blood lymphocyte therapy may be effective in the treatment and prevention of Epstein-Barr virus infection following transplantation. PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study...
RATIONALE: Biological therapies use different ways to stimulate the immune system and stop cancer cells from growing. Donor white blood cells that are treated in the laboratory with Epstei...
RATIONALE: Some types of lymphoma or lymphoproliferative disease are associated with Epstein-Barr virus. White blood cells from donors who are immune to Epstein-Barr virus may be an effect...
RATIONALE: T lymphocytes treated in the laboratory may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells in patients with Epstein-Barr virus infection. PURPOSE: This ph...
RATIONALE: Biological therapies use different ways to stimulate the immune system and stop cancer cells from growing. Treating a person's or donor's a cytotoxic T lymphocytes in the labora...
Common herpes viruses such as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) cause infection and disease after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorder following allogenei...
OBJECTIVE: There are three recent contradictory reports on the incidence of Epstein-Barr virus in the pathogenesis of myasthenia gravis, with all studies carried out in Caucasian patients. The current...
A 56-year-old woman with Hodgkin-like adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma was treated with allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation on 17 April 2009. She manifested a moderate fever on day 41...
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed B-lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) are used to prepare human EBV-specific T lymphocytes (EBV-CTL) in vitro. Within an LCL, up to 5-7% the cells release infectious...
Abstract Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNAemia and reactivation is a typical complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The degree of immunosuppression is closely linked...