Evaluating the Personal Computer as a Treatment Activity in Occupational Therapy

2014-08-27 03:59:34 | BioPortfolio


This study will evaluate the use of the personal computer (PC) in occupational therapy. The results of the study will help occupational therapists develop improved treatment activities using PCs.

Patients enrolled in various NIH clinical trials who are referred for occupational therapy may be eligible for this study. Each patient will have at least four computer sessions within 6 months. They will use the PC to achieve goals they set for themselves-for example, to build work skills, improve concentration, or simply have fun. At the end of each session, the occupational therapist will interview the patient, asking, for example, about the goal of the session and what may have occurred during the session to make it more helpful or less helpful. The interviews will be tape recorded and used to help determine how computers may be used most therapeutically.


Occupational therapy approaches rehabilitation through the concept of "occupation", the component of human behavior regarding one's engagement in self-initiated, self-directed, adaptive, purposeful, culturally relevant, organized activity. Rehabilitation through occupation is a process, stemming from interactions among the three domains: (a) performance areas; (b) performance components; and (c) performance contexts. At the core of the occupational therapy is a sub-process created by patients and therapists through their actions and reactions to treatment. It is a significant sub-process because it sets into motion the use of occupation as therapy. It is believed that the appropriate, therapeutic use of occupation affects "performance" or how one functions.

There is a need to develop ways to articulate and measure complex therapeutic interventions themselves. This is especially true of those treatment approaches which integrate human relationships, collaborative problem-solving, and the targeted doing of unique, personally relevant occupations. Occupational therapy is a health profession characterized by such interventions. The capacity to delineate key process variables may lead to credible examination of process-outcome relationships. Ultimately, results from the proposed study may provide information needed to further establish patient outcomes from occupational therapy interventions.

Study Design



Occupational Therapy


Warren G. Magnuson Clinical Center (CC)
United States




National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:34-0400

Clinical Trials [138 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Virtual Occupational Therapy Application

Virtual Occupational Therapy Application (VOTA) combines low-cost human motion tracking, commercial game engine technology, and evidence-based Occupational Therapy (OT) practice in a compu...

Effects of Community Occupational Therapy in Older Patients With Dementia and Their Caregivers.

The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of community occupational therapy in older patients with mild ot moderate dementia and their primary caregivers.

Effectiveness of Home Based Occupational Therapy for Dementia.

The purpose of this study is to determine if a home based occupational therapy is effective in the treatment of dementia.

Effects of a Structured Occupational Therapy Intervention in an Acute Geriatric Unit

Objectives: To compare the benefits of structured occupational therapy intervention by a single geriatric therapist with the benefits of the conventional treatment model in the functional ...

Simulated Home Therapy Program for the Hand After Stroke

The purpose of this study is to investigate the benefits of incorporating an actuated, EMG-controlled glove into occupational therapy of the hand.

PubMed Articles [11000 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

The Bluebirds: World War I Soldiers' Experiences of Occupational Therapy.

More is known about the experience of occupational therapists than the experience of patients during the profession's early years. We examined soldiers' experiences of occupational therapy in American...

Side Effects of Occupational Group Therapy.

Background: Occupational therapy is an important co-therapy in psychiatric therapy. It is a common belief that no risks are associated with occupational therapy. Negative effects caused by group thera...

Occupational Therapy in the Intensive Care Unit: A Systematic Review.

This paper is a synthesis of the available literature on occupational therapy interventions performed in the adult intensive care unit (ICU). The databases of Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane Librar...

Fostering Full Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice.

Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a widely endorsed concept, but many occupational therapy practitioners would like to be more informed and supported in its full implementation. They need information o...

Effectiveness of Occupational Therapy Interventions for Adults With Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Systematic Review.

We reviewed the efficacy of occupational therapy-related interventions for adults with rheumatoid arthritis.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of any occupational or work activity for remedial purposes.

Skilled treatment that helps individuals achieve independence in all facets of their lives. It assists in the development of skills needed for independent living.

Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.

The occupational discipline of the traditional Chinese methods of ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY for treating disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians.

The branch of dentistry concerned with maintaining oral health of employees in occupational environments.

More From BioPortfolio on "Evaluating the Personal Computer as a Treatment Activity in Occupational Therapy"

Quick Search

Relevant Topic

Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...

Searches Linking to this Trial