Comparison of Brovavir Versus Acyclovir in the Treatment of Herpes in HIV-Infected Patients

20:24 EDT 1st August 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To compare the efficacy of oral sorivudine (brovavir) and oral acyclovir for the treatment of localized herpes zoster in HIV-infected patients.

HIV-infected patients are at high risk for herpesvirus infections, including varicella-zoster virus ( VZV ) infections, also called shingles. Acyclovir, an approved drug, is widely used to treat VZV infections in the HIV population. Since no data from controlled studies are available to define the role of antiviral therapy for VZV infections in HIV-infected patients, a study is needed to test the relative efficacy of brovavir, an experimental antiviral drug, versus that of acyclovir.

Description

HIV-infected patients are at high risk for herpesvirus infections, including varicella-zoster virus ( VZV ) infections, also called shingles. Acyclovir, an approved drug, is widely used to treat VZV infections in the HIV population. Since no data from controlled studies are available to define the role of antiviral therapy for VZV infections in HIV-infected patients, a study is needed to test the relative efficacy of brovavir, an experimental antiviral drug, versus that of acyclovir.

One hundred-eighty patients are randomized to receive either brovavir or acyclovir as follows: brovavir or its matching placebo once daily and acyclovir or its matching placebo five times daily. Treatment continues for 10 days. Entry into the study must occur within 72 hours of lesion development. Patients are followed in person daily or at regular intervals during study drug administration and on days 14, 21, and 28, and then monthly by telephone for 11 months thereafter.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

HIV Infections

Intervention

Sorivudine, Acyclovir

Location

Univ of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham
Alabama
United States
35294

Status

Completed

Source

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An ACYCLOVIR analog that is a potent inhibitor of the Herpesvirus family including cytomegalovirus. Ganciclovir is used to treat complications from AIDS-associated cytomegalovirus infections.

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A GUANOSINE analog that acts as an antimetabolite. Viruses are especially susceptible. Used especially against herpes.

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AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are...

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