Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
To examine the effects of nutritional intervention on the rate of rise of blood pressure in late childhood and early adolescence.
Since 1970, children and adolescents with hypertension have been detected with increasing frequency. Many of them were thought to have primary or essential hypertension and it remained unclear how they should be managed. Additionally, since tracking of blood pressure occurred even in early life, it was believed that youngsters with blood pressures persistently in the upper deciles for age were at increased risk for later hypertension. No clinical trials had been performed in this age group to examine the effects of non-pharmacologic or drug therapy in lowering blood pressure. The trial was one of the first attempts to examine the effects of a nutritional intervention on the rate of rise of blood pressure in late childhood and early adolescence.
Randomized, partial-blind. After 19,542 fifth to eighth grade students were screened, 210 (105 boys and 105 girls) from the upper 15 percentiles of blood pressure distribution were randomly assigned to one of three groups: low sodium diet (70 mmol sodium intake per day), potassium chloride supplementation (normal diet plus 1 mmol/kg potassium chloride per day), and placebo (normal diet plus placebo capsule). Capsules for the potassium chloride and placebo groups were administered in a double blind protocol. Blood pressure was measured every three months for three years. The effect of the intervention was determined by comparing the rate of rise (slope) of blood pressure among the groups using a random-coefficient growth curve model.
Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Prevention
diet, sodium-restricted, diet, potassium-supplemented
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T04:00:05-0400
To examine the role of dietary sodium reduction with and without potassium supplementation in controlling blood pressure in hypertensive men.
To determine if nonpharmacological interventions, including diet and lifestyle change, could prevent increases in arterial blood pressure leading to systemic hypertension.
To compare the effects of three levels of dietary sodium and two patterns of diet (a control diet and an intervention diet high in fruits, vegetables, and low fat dairy products and low in...
To test the feasibility and the efficacy of nutritional interventions in the primary prevention of hypertension in individuals predisposed to the development of hypertension; specifically,...
The purpose of this study is to characterise the patient and disease profile under the influence of a protein-restricted diet supplemented with keto acids/amino acids (KA/AA), focusing on ...
In last decades was confirmed remarkable increase in number of old patients with chronic kidney disease. Despide of developments in dialysis technology and kidney transplantation there is a growing nu...
In spite of more than 100 years of investigations the question of whether a reduced sodium intake improves health is still unsolved.
An experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of zinc glycinate (Zn-Gly) supplementation as an alternative for zinc sulphate (ZnSO4) on productive and reproductive performance, zinc (Zn) conc...
Precolonoscopy dietary regimens often are restricted to clear liquids; however, the superiority of a clear liquid diet (CLD) for bowel preparation quality is ambiguous. We performed a meta-analysis of...
Research increasingly provide evidence that vegetarian diet can have a positive impact on health. The aim of this study was to analyze the fatty acid profile of vegetarian and non-vegetarian diet and ...
A diet which contains very little sodium chloride. It is prescribed by some for hypertension and for edematous states. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A diet that contains limited amounts of CARBOHYDRATES. This is in distinction to a regular DIET.
A diet that contains limited amounts of fat with less than 30% of calories from all fats and less than 10% from saturated fat. Such a diet is used in control of HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. (From Bondy et al, Metabolic Control and Disease, 8th ed, pp468-70; Dorland, 27th ed)
A diet that contains limited amounts of protein. It is prescribed in some cases to slow the progression of renal failure. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal. This does not include DIET THERAPY, a specific diet prescribed in the treatment of a disease.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...