The Effect of Pressure Controlled Ventilation on the Pulmonary Mechanics in Prone Position Using the Wilson Frame: A Comparison With Volume Controlled Ventilation
Prone position in spinal surgery can increase airway pressure and decrease dynamic lung compliance by a frame used for postural stabilization. Also, it can increase hemodynamic instability such as reduced blood pressure by aggravating cardiac index.
Former study shows pressure controlled ventilation on the pulmonary mechanics can improve alveolar use and oxygenation than volume controlled ventilation. The latter one means controlling a patient's breathing completely through tidal volume and set breathing rate. This could be useful for the patients not possible to breath by themselves because it guarantees the perfect breathing.
The pressure controlled ventilation is used when there is a possibility to change a patient's environment. The pressure will be maintained steadily, but volume and flux will be changed. That means through the pressure already set, the whole breathing will be maintained from the beginning to end. If a patient's resistance is increased, the volume will be decreased even though the way of blood pressure control is same. However, the tidal volume per minute can be controlled somewhat and barotrauma can be decreased by controlling respiratory rate. Through this study, we are expecting the pressure controlled ventilation in prone position can improve lung mechanics and oxygenation.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Herniation of Lumbar Vertebral Disc
volume control, pressure control
Korea, Republic of
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01272700
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on March 01, 2012
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Pest Control, Biological
The use of biological mechanisms, usually involving living organisms such as bacteria, for the reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous pests. Environmental concerns have focused attention on natural forms of disease control as potentially safe and effective alternatives to chemical pesticides. This has led to increased efforts to develop control strategies that rely on natural predators and parasites or that involve genetically engineered microbial pest control agents.
The capability of the LUNGS to distend under pressure as measured by pulmonary volume change per unit pressure change. While not a complete description of the pressure-volume properties of the lung, it is nevertheless useful in practice as a measure of the comparative stiffness of the lung. (From Best & Taylor's Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p562)
Epithelial Sodium Channel
An AMILORIDE-sensitive sodium channel found on salt-reabsorbing EPITHELIAL CELLS that line the distal NEPHRON, the distal COLON; SALIVARY DUCTS; SWEAT GLANDS; and the LUNG. It plays a critical role in the control of sodium balance, BLOOD VOLUME, and BLOOD PRESSURE.
A surgical procedure that entails removing all (laminectomy) or part (laminotomy) of selected vertebral lamina to relieve pressure on the SPINAL CORD and/or SPINAL NERVE ROOTS. Vertebral lamina is the thin flattened posterior wall of vertebral arch that forms the vertebral foramen through which pass the spinal cord and nerve roots.
Cerebrospinal Fluid Pressure
Manometric pressure of the CEREBROSPINAL FLUID as measured by lumbar, cerebroventricular, or cisternal puncture. Within the cranial cavity it is called INTRACRANIAL PRESSURE.
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