Supersaturated Calcium Phosphate Rinse in Preventing Oral Mucositis in Young Patients Undergoing Autologous or Donor Stem Cell Transplant
RATIONALE: Supersaturated calcium phosphate (Caphosol) rinse may be able to prevent mucositis, or mouth sores, in patients undergoing stem cell transplant.
PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying how well Caphosol rinse works in preventing mucositis in young patients undergoing autologous or donor stem cell transplant.
- To determine if topically administered supersaturated calcium phosphate (Caphosol), rinsed orally four times daily at the initiation of conditioning for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), reduces oral mucositis as demonstrated by a decrease in duration of severe oral mucositis (World Health Organization [WHO] Grade 3 or 4), compared to placebo.
- To determine whether Caphosol administration, when compared to placebo, reduces oral mucositis as demonstrated by a decrease in incidence of severe oral mucositis (WHO Grade 3 or 4); severity of mucositis according to mouth pain categorical rating scale and Oral Mucositis Daily Questionnaire (OMDQ); incidence, total dose, and duration of parenteral opioid analgesic use (morphine equivalents); and incidence and duration of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) administration.
- To determine whether Caphosol administration, when compared to placebo, reduces the incidence of febrile neutropenia and invasive bacterial infections.
- To validate a new pediatric measure of oral mucositis termed the Children's International Mucositis Evaluation Scale (ChIMES).
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to conditioning regimen (total-body irradiation [TBI] or melphalan vs neither TBI nor melphalan) and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) (autologous vs allogeneic). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
- Arm I: Patients rinse and gargle with supersaturated calcium phosphate rinse over 1 minute four* times daily beginning on the first day (about day -7) of the conditioning regimen.
- Arm II: Patients rinse and gargle with placebo over 1 minute four* times daily beginning the first day (about day -7) of the conditioning regimen.
- NOTE: * Patients who reach WHO grade 3 or 4 mucositis have the option to request a total of 6 rinses daily.
In both arms, treatment continues until day 20 post-transplantation OR until mucositis resolves to WHO Grade ≤ 2 for two consecutive days OR on day 12 in patients who do not experience oral mucositis of at least WHO Grade ≥ 1.
Patients are assessed daily by trained healthcare professionals using the Oral Mucositis Daily Questionnaire (OMDQ), the Pain Rating Scale, the WHO Mucositis Scale, and the Children's International Mucositis Evaluation Scale (ChIMES) from day -1 and continuing until day 20. Patients are also observed for the incidence of total dose and duration of parenteral opioid analgesic use, duration of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) administration, febrile neutropenia, and invasive bacterial infections.
After completion of study therapy, patients are followed up for 30 days.
Allocation: Randomized, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
supersaturated calcium phosphate rinse, placebo
City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01305200
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on December 20, 2012
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Carbonic acid calcium salt (CaCO3). An odorless, tasteless powder or crystal that occurs in nature. It is used therapeutically as a phosphate buffer in hemodialysis patients and as a calcium supplement.
Adhesives used to fix prosthetic devices to bones and to cement bone to bone in difficult fractures. Synthetic resins are commonly used as cements. A mixture of monocalcium phosphate, monohydrate, alpha-tricalcium phosphate, and calcium carbonate with a sodium phosphate solution is also a useful bone paste.
Dental Pulp Necrosis
Death of pulp tissue with or without bacterial invasion. When the necrosis is due to ischemia with superimposed bacterial infection, it is referred to as pulp gangrene. When the necrosis is non-bacterial in origin, it is called pulp mummification.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
An enzyme of the transferase class that catalyzes the conversion of sedoheptulose 7-phosphate and D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate to D-ribose 5-phosphate and D-xylulose 5-phosphate in the PENTOSE PHOSPHATE PATHWAY. (Dorland, 27th ed) EC 126.96.36.199.
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