Intravenous Iron in Gynecologic Cancer Patients Receiving Chemotherapy
Can intravenous iron lower the rate of blood transfusion in gynecologic cancer patients receiving platinum based chemotherapy than oral iron?
Anemia is a common condition during chemotherapy administration. Treatment options usually include oral iron supplementation and blood transfusion. However, oral iron has gastrointestinal side effects, which affects patient compliance, and only a small amount of oral iron can be absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Intravenous iron may overcome a block of iron absorption and iron recycling induced by hepcidin. Therefore, it may increase hemoglobin level and reduced blood transfusion in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01435200
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on August 23, 2012
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.
Iron Regulatory Protein 2
A multifunctional iron-sulfur protein that is both an iron regulatory protein and cytoplasmic form of aconitate hydratase. It binds to iron regulatory elements found on mRNAs involved in iron metabolism and regulates their translation. Its rate of degradation is increased in the presence of IRON.
Iron Regulatory Protein 1
A multifunctional iron-sulfur protein that is both an iron regulatory protein and cytoplasmic form of aconitate hydratase. It binds to iron regulatory elements found on mRNAs involved in iron metabolism and regulates their translation. Its RNA binding ability and its aconitate hydrolase activity are dependent upon availability of IRON.
Anemia characterized by decreased or absent iron stores, low serum iron concentration, low transferrin saturation, and low hemoglobin concentration or hematocrit value. The erythrocytes are hypochromic and microcytic and the iron binding capacity is increased.
An excessive accumulation of iron in the body due to a greater than normal absorption of iron from the gastrointestinal tract or from parenteral injection. This may arise from idiopathic hemochromatosis, excessive iron intake, chronic alcoholism, certain types of refractory anemia, or transfusional hemosiderosis. (From Churchill's Illustrated Medical Dictionary, 1989)
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