A Randomised Placebo Controlled Study of OXN PR for Severe Parkinson's Disease Associated Pain
To demonstrate superiority of OXN PR compared to placebo with respect to analgesic efficacy in subjects with chronic severe pain associated with Parkinson's disease (PD), as assessed by averaged 24 hour pain scores collected for 7 days prior to the clinic visits
Pain management in PD is a recognised unmet need. Estimates of incidence vary in the literature from 29% to 83%. The types and sources of pain experienced by PD patients vary and include: musculoskeletal pain, PD related chronic pain, fluctuation-related pain, nocturnal pain, coat-hanger pain, oro-facial pain and peripheral limb or abdominal pain (also including drug-induced pain). Whilst modifications to dosing of dopaminergic therapy represents the most common method of controlling some of these pain symptoms, this must be balanced against the worsening of side effects of increased doses of this treatment type.
Oxycodone hydrochloride and naloxone hydrochloride dihydrate combined oral prolonged release tablets (OXN PR), is the investigational product to be used in this study. OXN PR is a prolonged release tablet consisting of oxycodone and naloxone in a 2:1 ratio. Due to the local competitive antagonism of the opioid receptor-mediated oxycodone effect by naloxone in the gut, naloxone reduces opioid-associated bowel dysfunction.
The purpose of this study is to investigate whether effective pain control for the treatment of PD associated pain may be achieved with OXN PR. The secondary considerations for this study are to examine whether OXN PR may offer any additional benefits to the patients Quality of Life or symptoms of PD. If effective pain relief can be achieved with an analgesic without the side effects described in above, this could reduce the need to increase the dose of dopaminergic medications to manage pain, and therefore reduce the negative side effects of dopaminergic therapy described above. Given the prevalence of constipation in this patient population the bowel sparing effects of the OXN PR combination treatment may provide an ethical rationale for its use over that of other opioids.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Parkinson's Disease With Severe Pain
Oxycodone/Naloxone Prolonged Release tablets, Placebo
Fakultní nemocnice u sv. Anny v Brně Neurologická klinika
Mundipharma Research GmbH & Co KG
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01439100
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on November 07, 2012
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Tablets coated with material that delays release of the medication until after they leave the stomach. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A condition caused by the neurotoxin MPTP which causes selective destruction of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. Clinical features include irreversible parkinsonian signs including rigidity and bradykinesia (PARKINSON DISEASE, SECONDARY). MPTP toxicity is also used as an animal model for the study of PARKINSON DISEASE. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1072; Neurology 1986 Feb;36(2):250-8)
A group of disorders which feature impaired motor control characterized by bradykinesia, MUSCLE RIGIDITY; TREMOR; and postural instability. Parkinsonian diseases are generally divided into primary parkinsonism (see PARKINSON DISEASE), secondary parkinsonism (see PARKINSON DISEASE, SECONDARY) and inherited forms. These conditions are associated with dysfunction of dopaminergic or closely related motor integration neuronal pathways in the BASAL GANGLIA.
Parkinson Disease, Postencephalitic
Parkinsonism following encephalitis, historically seen as a sequella of encephalitis lethargica (Von Economo Encephalitis). The early age of onset, the rapid progression of symptoms followed by stabilization, and the presence of a variety of other neurological disorders (e.g., sociopathic behavior; TICS; MUSCLE SPASMS; oculogyric crises; hyperphagia; and bizarre movements) distinguish this condition from primary PARKINSON DISEASE. Pathologic features include neuronal loss and gliosis concentrated in the MESENCEPHALON; SUBTHALAMUS; and HYPOTHALAMUS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p754)
Derivative of noroxymorphone that is the N-cyclopropylmethyl congener of NALOXONE. It is a narcotic antagonist that is effective orally, longer lasting and more potent than naloxone, and has been proposed for the treatment of heroin addiction. The FDA has approved naltrexone for the treatment of alcohol dependence.
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