Effectiveness and Toxicity of Gemcitabine/Lobaplatin Versus Gemcitabine/Cisplatin as Second-line Treatment in Metastatic Breast Cancer
Gemcitabine plus cisplatin has been proved to be an effective regimen as second-line treatment for metastatic breast cancer patients, especially for those previously treated with anthracyclines and taxanes. Lobaplatin, as the third generation of new cancer drug platinum, has a similar anticancer activity to cisplatin, but less kidney toxicity and gastrointestinal reaction. The purpose of the study is to compare the efficacy and safety of gemcitabine/lobaplatin versus gemcitabine/cisplatin in patients with metastatic breast cancer.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Cancer Hospital of Harbin Medical University
Harbin Medical University
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01483300
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on February 14, 2012
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Inflammatory Breast Neoplasms
Metastatic breast cancer characterized by EDEMA and ERYTHEMA of the affected breast due to LYMPHATIC METASTASIS and eventual obstruction of LYMPHATIC VESSELS by the cancer cells.
A infiltrating (invasive) breast cancer, relatively uncommon, accounting for only 5%-10% of breast tumors in most series. It is often an area of ill-defined thickening in the breast, in contrast to the dominant lump characteristic of ductal carcinoma. It is typically composed of small cells in a linear arrangement with a tendency to grow around ducts and lobules. There is likelihood of axillary nodal involvement with metastasis to meningeal and serosal surfaces. (DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1205)
Carbohydrate antigen elevated in patients with tumors of the breast, ovary, lung, and prostate as well as other disorders. The mucin is expressed normally by most glandular epithelia but shows particularly increased expression in the breast at lactation and in malignancy. It is thus an established serum marker for breast cancer.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.
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