Door-to-door Survey of Cardiovascular Health, Stroke and Ischemic Heart Disease in Atahualpa
The aim of the Atahualpa project is to evaluate the cardiovascular (CVH) status of the inhabitants of a rural village of coastal Ecuador as well as to determine the prevalence and retrospective incidence of stroke and ischemic heart disease. The protocol may be used as a pilot for large-scale studies attempting to evaluate the CVH of rural or even urban centers of Latin America, to implement cost-effective strategies directed to reduce the burden of stroke and cardiovascular diseases in the population at large.
This is a 3-phase epidemiological study. During Phase I, two general physicians and a nurse will perform a door-to-door survey of all Atahualpa residents aged ≥ 40 years. These persons will be eligible for being screened with standardized questionnaires to identify those with suspected stroke or ischemic heart disease, and to evaluate their cardiovascular health (CVH). Persons will be directly interviewed unless aphasic or mentally impaired; in such cases, relatives or caregivers will answer the questions. We plan to use the epidemiologic method of capture-recapture to enhance the detection of all possible cases of stroke and ischemic heart disease . So, besides the door-to-door survey, we will review the medical records from the only one health center of Atahualpa, as well as the original files of our survey performed in 2003 at the same village .
In Phase II, certified neurologists and cardiologists will move to Atahualpa to examine all individuals who screened as suspected cases of stroke or ischemic heart disease. In addition, a random sample of 2% of individuals who were considered negative during the screening phase (matched by age and gender to suspected cases) will also undergo a complete neurologic and cardiologic examination to assess possible false negative cases during the survey. In Phase III, all patients with a clinical diagnosis of stroke and ischemic heart disease will be invited to undergo further examination in Guayaquil.
Observational Model: Ecologic or Community, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Hospital Clínica Kennedy
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01627600
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on October 30, 2012
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
A condition caused by the failure of body to dissipate heat in an excessively hot environment or during PHYSICAL EXERTION in a hot environment. Contrast to HEAT EXHAUSTION, the body temperature in heat stroke patient is dangerously high with red, hot skin accompanied by DELUSIONS; CONVULSIONS; or COMA. It can be a life-threatening emergency and is most common in infants and the elderly.
Rats, Inbred Shr
A strain of Rattus norvegicus with elevated blood pressure used as a model for studying hypertension and stroke.
The amount of BLOOD pumped out of the HEART per beat not to be confused with cardiac output (volume/time).
Heat stroke caused by exposure to the sun. It is characterized by dangerously high BODY TEMPERATURE; red, hot skin; DELUSIONS; CONVULSIONS; or COMA. It can be a life-threatening emergency and is most common in infants and the elderly.
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