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Quality of Recovery After Reversal With Neostigmine or Sugammadex.

2016-09-21 20:23:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study will compare patient recovery measures after reversal of neuromuscular blockade with neostigmine or sugammadex after surgery. Measures include pulmonary function, muscle strength, time to extubation and quality of recovery in the post anesthesia care unit.

Description

Sugammadex has been shown to have a faster onset and more reliable reversal of neuromuscular blockade when compared to neostigmine as measured by return of Train-of-four (TOF) ratio to >0.9. (Breuckmann, 2015) The investigator's hypothesis is that sugammadex will be associated with improved deep breathing as measured by incentive spirometry in the PACU. The investigators also hypothesize that patients reversed with sugammadex will have shorter times to extubation and better recovery profiles in the PACU as measured by strength, PACU discharge readiness and quality of recovery scores.

Residual neuromuscular blockade after surgery can result in airway compromise, pulmonary complications, and possible need for reintubation and can be a negative experience for patients. Reintubation after surgery is currently a quality measure in NSQIP (National Surgery Quality Improvement Program) A TOF ratio of <0.9 has been identified as a marker of residual neuromuscular blockade in the PACU. (Farhan 2013) Several clinical trials have shown that reversal of neuromuscular blockade with sugammadex results in a faster and more reliable return to TOF ratio of >0.9 when compared to neostigmine. However most of these studies primarily report on TOF ratios. There are scant data on clinical outcomes after reversal with neostigmine versus sugammadex. Incentive spirometry is a clinically meaningful measurement of postoperative pulmonary function, i.e the ability to breath deeply, which minimizes atelectasis and risk of postoperative pneumonia.

The investigators will compare recovery profiles of patients who have received sugammadex or neostigmine for reversal of neuromuscular blockade after surgery. The primary outcome will be incentive spirometry volumes after surgery as a measure of pulmonary function. The secondary measures include hand grip measured using a dynamometer, time to extubation, time to PACU discharge, time to sit independently, and quality of recovery 15 survey scores.

This will be a single-center, prospective, randomized, assessor blinded, controlled trial. Patients will be randomized to either receive sugammadex or neostigmine for the reversal of neuromuscular blockade. The anesthesiologist will be unblinded to the study drug however the assessor in the PACU will be blinded.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Incomplete Reversal of Neuromuscular Block

Intervention

Sugammadex, Neostigmine

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Stony Brook University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-09-21T20:23:22-0400

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The combination of sugammadex and neostigmine can reduce the dosage of sugammadex during recovery from the moderate neuromuscular blockade.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The intentional interruption of transmission at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION by external agents, usually neuromuscular blocking agents. It is distinguished from NERVE BLOCK in which nerve conduction (NEURAL CONDUCTION) is interrupted rather than neuromuscular transmission. Neuromuscular blockade is commonly used to produce MUSCLE RELAXATION as an adjunct to anesthesia during surgery and other medical procedures. It is also often used as an experimental manipulation in basic research. It is not strictly speaking anesthesia but is grouped here with anesthetic techniques. The failure of neuromuscular transmission as a result of pathological processes is not included here.

A cholinesterase inhibitor used in the treatment of myasthenia gravis and to reverse the effects of muscle relaxants such as gallamine and tubocurarine. Neostigmine, unlike PHYSOSTIGMINE, does not cross the blood-brain barrier.

Interruption of sympathetic pathways, by local injection of an anesthetic agent, at any of four levels: peripheral nerve block, sympathetic ganglion block, extradural block, and subarachnoid block.

Drugs that bind to nicotinic cholinergic receptors (RECEPTORS, NICOTINIC) and block the actions of acetylcholine or cholinergic agonists. Nicotinic antagonists block synaptic transmission at autonomic ganglia, the skeletal neuromuscular junction, and at central nervous system nicotinic synapses.

Procedures to reverse the effect of REPRODUCTIVE STERILIZATION and to regain fertility. Reversal procedures include those used to restore the flow in the FALLOPIAN TUBE or the VAS DEFERENS.

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