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There is a new form of cancer treatment called immunotherapy which does not attack cancer directly but works on the immune system to make it more effective. This type of treatment may have side effects which are called autoimmune side effects and are caused by the immune system attacking the normal parts of the body. At the moment doctors cannot predict which patients may be at more risk of developing such autoimmune side effects and doctors also cannot predict which patients are more likely to benefit. This study will analyse blood samples from patients receiving immunotherapy to see if markers can be identified to help make such predictions.
Immunotherapy is a new approach to treating cancers and the major side effects are classed as autoimmune because the immune system is targeting itself. Currently doctors are not able to identify patients at higher risk of developing such autoimmune toxicities and nor are doctors able to identify patients more likely to respond to such treatment. Markers in the immune system have already been identified which are associated with naturally occurring autoimmune diseases. In this study the investigators will examine immune cells from patients with advanced malignant melanoma receiving immunotherapy treatment with Pembrolizumab to see if similar immune system markers can be identified and if such markers may be related to the development of autoimmune side effects or response to treatment. This would enable better selection of patients for treatment with immunotherapy.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust
Royal Free Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-09-21T20:23:22-0400
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A collective term for precoordinated organ/neoplasm headings locating neoplasms by organ, as BRAIN NEOPLASMS; DUODENAL NEOPLASMS; LIVER NEOPLASMS; etc.
Cancers or tumors of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE unspecified. For neoplasms of the maxilla, MAXILLARY NEOPLASMS is available and of the mandible, MANDIBULAR NEOPLASMS is available.
Benign and malignant neoplasms which occur within the substance of the spinal cord (intramedullary neoplasms) or in the space between the dura and spinal cord (intradural extramedullary neoplasms). The majority of intramedullary spinal tumors are primary CNS neoplasms including ASTROCYTOMA; EPENDYMOMA; and LIPOMA. Intramedullary neoplasms are often associated with SYRINGOMYELIA. The most frequent histologic types of intradural-extramedullary tumors are MENINGIOMA and NEUROFIBROMA.
Neoplasms located in the vasculature system, such as ARTERIES and VEINS. They are differentiated from neoplasms of vascular tissue (NEOPLASMS, VASCULAR TISSUE), such as ANGIOFIBROMA or HEMANGIOMA.
Neoplasms composed of cells from the deepest layer of the epidermis. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in the stratum basale.
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