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Pilot Study : New Sensors to Monitor Apnea During Sedation

2016-09-21 20:23:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Evaluation of a Mandibular and Abdominal Motion Detection Sensor (JAWAC) to Prevent Apnea During Sedation With Propofol in TCI Mode

Description

In 2016 , monitoring of propofol sedation , currently recommended by the American Society of Anaesthesiology and European companies includes among others, a pulse oximeter (SpO2) and a continuous measurement of CO2 exhaled by an appropriate device (CapnoLine). This monitoring does not allow to anticipate the occurrence of obstructive apnea .

The anticipation of the occurrence of apnea or airway obstruction using this type of monitoring could allow the anesthesiologist to act earlier on the titration of propofol and maintaining the airway. This would avoid the side effects associated with hypoxemia and hypercapnia and therefore further improve patient safety .

Our pilot study tests the JAWAC system to detect those apneas.

This is an interventional diagnostic study on the JAWAC monitoring system validation in a prospective cohort of patients undergoing sedation in order to provoke sleep apnea. Indeed , sedation technique is already used with propofol during snoring provocation tests in patients at risk for sleep apnea.

Study Design

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Conditions

Sleep Apnea, Obstructive

Intervention

JAWAC system + Capnoline + Spo2

Location

Erasme Hospital
Brussels
Belgium
1070

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Erasme University Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-09-21T20:23:22-0400

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A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration. This condition may be idiopathic (primary) or associated with lower brain stem lesions; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE); HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE; medication effect; and other conditions. Sleep maintenance is impaired, resulting in daytime hypersomnolence. Primary central sleep apnea is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea. When both forms are present the condition is referred to as mixed sleep apnea (see SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395; Neurol Clin 1996;14(3):611-28)

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HYPOVENTILATION syndrome in very obese persons with excessive ADIPOSE TISSUE around the ABDOMEN and DIAPHRAGM. It is characterized by diminished to absent ventilatory chemoresponsiveness; chronic HYPOXIA; HYPERCAPNIA; POLYCYTHEMIA; and long periods of sleep during day and night (HYPERSOMNOLENCE). It is a condition often related to OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA but can occur separately.

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