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Motor-Sparing Femoral Nerve Block Dose

2016-09-21 20:23:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Femoral nerve blocks are commonly used to provide pain control for total knee replacement, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Commonly employed local anesthetic concentrations result in motor block of the quadriceps and constitute an inherent risk factor for patient fall.

The aim of this study is to determine the minimum effective concentration of bupivacaine in 90 % of patients (MEC90) required for a motor-sparing, successful sensory block of the femoral nerve.

Description

With the approval of Ethics Committee of the University of Chile Clinical Hospital, approximately 60 patients undergoing ACL repair or TKR will be recruited. All blocks will be conducted preoperatively in an induction room.Dose assignation will be done using an up-and-down sequential method, where the dose of each subsequent patient depends on the response of the previous patient, called the Biased Coin Design.

The assignment of each subsequent concentration will be based on the response of the previous patient.As soon as we recruit 45 patients with random dose assignment, we will terminate the enrollment procedure.

The injectate will be prepared and administered by a research assistant using syringes connected to the block needle. The operator and the patient will be blinded to the concentration injected.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Conditions

Osteoarthritis, Knee

Intervention

Same Bupivacaine Concentration, Lower Bupivacaine Concentration

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University of Chile

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-09-21T20:23:22-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

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The tendency of a gas or solute to pass from a point of higher pressure or concentration to a point of lower pressure or concentration and to distribute itself throughout the available space. Diffusion, especially FACILITATED DIFFUSION, is a major mechanism of BIOLOGICAL TRANSPORT.

A widely used local anesthetic agent.

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ERYTHROCYTE size and HEMOGLOBIN content or concentration, usually derived from ERYTHROCYTE COUNT; BLOOD hemoglobin concentration; and HEMATOCRIT. The indices include the mean corpuscular volume (MCV), the mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), and the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC).

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