Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Absorbable sutures are not generally accepted by the majority of vascular surgeons for the possible complications such as the breakage of the suture at the anastomoses level. Some experimental and clinical studies in the current literature demonstrated that the use of absorbable sutures may even reduce some important complications such as restenosis.
Infrainguinal vein graft procedures may be performed, generally, on patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) or popliteal artery aneurysm (PAA). Autologous vein graft, when adequate and available, is usually the preferred conduit, especially in the below knee vascular districts. Vein grafts may complicate with the onset of stenoses (up to 30% of cases). Such complications may develop, due to myointimal hyperplasia along the body of the graft or, more often, at the proximal or distal anastomoses where sutures are performed. In vascular surgery procedures, in case of arterial anastomoses, absorbable suture material is generally not preferred, mainly for the fear of breakage of the suture line. Previous experimental studies performed in animals and humans and a recent clinical study performed in humans on carotid surgery showed that absorbable sutures used in vascular surgery may even reduce the development of intimal hyperplasia and may reduce postoperative stenotic complications. The aim of this study is to evaluate the early and long-term results of absorbable sutures used in peripheral vascular surgery.
This is an open-label, parallel group study.
Patients undergoing vein bass grafting for CLI or PAA may be suitable for entry into ASPeVas trial. They must satisfy the following inclusion criteria:
Both sex. Age > 18 years old. Patients undergoing femoropopliteal or femorodistal vein bypass grafting; must be able to give informed consent; have no significant co-morbidity that makes life expectancy less than six months.
The randomisation process consists as follows: once a patient have consented entering the trial, an envelop is opened and the patient is offered the type of suture (absorbable or non absorbable) regardless of the surgical technique which is going to be performed (femoropopliteal or femorodistal vein bypass grafting).
All patients have to be followed-up, the day after the operation (time 0) and then subsequently at 1, 3,6,9,12 and 18 months.
At each appointment, Ankle Brachial Pressure Index (ABPI) is measured and then Duplex scanning (DS) is performed. In particular, by means of DS the peak systolic flow velocity (PSFV) at multiple sites along the entire graft is measured. A graft at risk of failure was defined as having a PSFV < 45 cm/s or a ratio of V2 (peak velocity at the site of the stenosis) to V1 (peak systolic velocity at any other point within 2 cm at the normal adjacent graft) > 2. Any other irregularities, such as inflow/outflow problems, graft dilatation will be also recorded.
Clinical signs of a failing graft will be collected: disabling claudication, ischemic pain, ischemic ulcers.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Peripheral Vascular Disease
Absorbable suture, Non-Absorbable suture
Not yet recruiting
University of Cantanzaro
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-18T02:08:21-0400
Standard suture is superior to both tissue adhesive (2-octyl cyanoacrylate) and absorbable sutures with respect to cosmetic outcome of, complication rate of and parental satisfaction with ...
The investigators recruit patients admitted to the Pediatric Emergency Department of the Geneva's University Hospital with open wounds needing suture. The patients are treated with absorba...
The primary objective of this prospective, randomized study is to compare cosmetic outcomes between absorbable and non-absorbable sutures in truncal and extremity lacerations in the pediat...
Trachoma is the leading infectious cause of blindness worldwide. Recurrent infection by Chlamydia trachomatis causes in-turning of the eyelids / lashes (trichiasis), leading to corneal dam...
Uterosacral ligament suspension (USLS) is a commonly performed, vaginal surgery for the correction of female pelvic organ prolapse. The original description of this procedure included the ...
The optimal suture selection for mesh attachment during robotic sacrocolpopexy (RSC) is currently unknown. Here, we sought to evaluate the outcomes of RSC using absorbable sutures for vaginal and sacr...
Purpose Tightening of the lower eyelid is often performed and many techniques are available. This paper describes the outcome of lower eyelid ectropion repair using the lateral tarsal strip procedure....
Numerous dura substitutes are commercially available, but no absorbable synthetic dura repair product has been used for both onlay and suture applications.
Suture threads are a minimally invasive surgical technique for facial rejuvenation. Its use was initiated by Sulamanidze et al with propylene after Serdev introduced suture with polycaproamide; howeve...
In breast reduction and mastopexy procedures, the periareolar closure forms a vital component of the surgery. Periareolar closures completed with an absorbable suture may be prone to significant widen...
Implants used in arthroscopic surgery and other orthopedic procedures to attach soft tissue to bone. One end of a suture is tied to soft tissue and the other end to the implant. The anchors are made of a variety of materials including titanium, stainless steel, or absorbable polymers.
An absorbable suture material used also as ligating clips, as pins for internal fixation of broken bones, and as ligament reinforcement for surgically managed ligament injuries. Its promising characteristics are elasticity, complete biodegradability, and lack of side effects such as infections.
A biocompatible polymer used as a surgical suture material.
The surgical closure of the incompetent cervix uteri with suture material.
Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).
Vascular relates to blood vessels (Oxford Medical Dictionary) and can be used to describe the supply of blood, a disease affecting the blood vessels or molecules associated with these structures. For example, <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->atherosclerosis ...
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...