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Outpatient colonoscopies are very common, indicated for various reasons, and are more commonly performed in outpatient surgery or endoscopy centers. There is an increase in the use of propofol for sedation because of the short duration of action and quick turn around time. Propofol has been studied extensively for safety and efficacy but patient satisfaction and preference with use has not been well documented in prospective, randomized setting. In the context of the recent changes in healthcare reimbursement where patient satisfaction is becoming an important metric providing data that could improve patient satisfaction is needed.
Patients who presented for a colonoscopy with the Principal Investigator were approached to participate in the study. After obtaining consent the patients were randomized to anesthesia with propofol or control without propofol per random number tables provided by the statistician. The anesthesiologist or nurse anesthetist were asked to remove the paper with the assignment from the envelope to determine which medications to give the patient. Pre-op, intra-op, and post-op data were collected by registered nurses blinded to the anesthetic. The day one follow-up phone call was made by the resident who was blinded to the anesthetic. Data were collected in the pre-op, intra-op, and post-op areas by the researchers who were blinded to the medications used.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Propofol, Fentanyl Plus Midazolam
Mount Carmel Health System
Mount Carmel Health System
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-19T02:38:21-0400
Our hypothesis is that adding midazolam and/or fentanyl to propofol sedation for elective outpatient colonoscopy increases cognitive impairment at hospital discharge without improving intr...
The purpose of this study is to compare propofol associated with fentanyl versus midazolam plus fentanyl for sedation during diagnosis or therapeutic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE)...
OBJECTIVES: I. Assess the degree of amnesia afforded by study sedatives relative to the patient's intensive care unit experiences. II. Evaluate the efficacy and safety of propofo...
The aim of this study is to increase knowledge about drug properties and effects during therapeutic hypothermia. The primary end point of this study is the time from termination of sedatio...
The purpose of this study was to evaluate effects, safety and cost of midazolam used alone or sequential use of midazolam and propofol/dexmedetomidine for long-term sedation in critically ...
The objective of this study was to characterize the propofol-fentanyl interaction in Beagles for four pharmacodynamic endpoints: apnea, response to mechanical ventilation, endotracheal tube, and tetan...
It has been previously reported that subhypnotic doses of propofol could offer an advantage over midazolam for premedication. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that a 20mg IV dose of prop...
Intravenous sedation with propofol is often administered to anxious patients in dental practice. Pain on injection of propofol is a common adverse effect. This study aimed to determine the age-adjuste...
Although endobronchial intubation during a bronchoscopic examination is useful for invasive procedures, it is not routine practice in Japan. The present study evaluated discomfort due to endobronchial...
Computer-assisted propofol sedation (CAPS) is now approved for moderate sedation of American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class I and II patients undergoing routine endoscopy. As the first US me...
An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.
The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.
A potent narcotic analgesic, abuse of which leads to habituation or addiction. It is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. Fentanyl is also used as an adjunct to general anesthetics, and as an anesthetic for induction and maintenance. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1078)
The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between ASCENDING COLON and DESCENDING COLON. It passes from the RIGHT COLIC FLEXURE across the ABDOMEN, then turns sharply at the left colonic flexure into the descending colon.
Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...