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Outpatient colonoscopies are very common, indicated for various reasons, and are more commonly performed in outpatient surgery or endoscopy centers. There is an increase in the use of propofol for sedation because of the short duration of action and quick turn around time. Propofol has been studied extensively for safety and efficacy but patient satisfaction and preference with use has not been well documented in prospective, randomized setting. In the context of the recent changes in healthcare reimbursement where patient satisfaction is becoming an important metric providing data that could improve patient satisfaction is needed.
Patients who presented for a colonoscopy with the Principal Investigator were approached to participate in the study. After obtaining consent the patients were randomized to anesthesia with propofol or control without propofol per random number tables provided by the statistician. The anesthesiologist or nurse anesthetist were asked to remove the paper with the assignment from the envelope to determine which medications to give the patient. Pre-op, intra-op, and post-op data were collected by registered nurses blinded to the anesthetic. The day one follow-up phone call was made by the resident who was blinded to the anesthetic. Data were collected in the pre-op, intra-op, and post-op areas by the researchers who were blinded to the medications used.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Propofol, Fentanyl Plus Midazolam
Mount Carmel Health System
Mount Carmel Health System
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-19T02:38:21-0400
Our hypothesis is that adding midazolam and/or fentanyl to propofol sedation for elective outpatient colonoscopy increases cognitive impairment at hospital discharge without improving intr...
The purpose of this study is to compare propofol associated with fentanyl versus midazolam plus fentanyl for sedation during diagnosis or therapeutic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE)...
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Despite current literature, data on the most effective sedation and best patient outcomes are insufficient for providing recovery time recommendations for elderly patients undergoing colonoscopy with ...
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A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.
The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.
An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.
A potent narcotic analgesic, abuse of which leads to habituation or addiction. It is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. Fentanyl is also used as an adjunct to general anesthetics, and as an anesthetic for induction and maintenance. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1078)
Rare and often fatal drug complication which affects patients undergoing long-term treatment with high doses of PROPOFOL. It is characterized by METABOLIC ACIDOSIS; HYPERLIPIDEMIA; RHABDOMYOLYSIS; cardiovascular CIRCULATORY COLLAPSE; CARDIAC FAILURE; and KIDNEY FAILURE.
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...