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1. Develop reference values for hydration biomarkers for children of 3 to 13 years old
2. Explore the association between children's and parents' hydration markers and fluid intake habits in children aged 3-13 y
3. Evaluate the equivalence of spot urine osmolality to 24h urine osmolality in children aged 3-13 y
4. Evaluate the differences in hydration markers between school and non-school days in children aged 3-13 y
5. Examine the role of different foods and fluids on hydration in children (3-13 y) and parents
Recent studies in children have indicated that greater water intake and/or lower urine concentration are associated with better overall nutrition, increased physical activity, improved mood state, and enhanced cognition; which is specifically related to superior attention and memory when compared to sub-optimally hydrated children. Separately, ancillary water is being investigated as a potential treatment possibility for pediatric obesity. Although, causality cannot be directly confirmed, it is apparent that ample water intake in children, above and beyond the body's compensatory mechanisms, is preferable for psychological and physiological health. However, the prevalence of failure to meet water recommendations and hypohydration in children remains high. Still it is unclear if elevated hypohydration reports within the pediatric population are due to a general failure of children to meet water recommendations, or due to inadequacy of the published guidelines
Observational Model: Family-Based, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
University of Arkansas
University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-19T02:38:21-0400
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The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease of children, infants or adolescents.
Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
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