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The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and usefulness of oral Vitamin D supplementation in subjects with in situ carcinoma. More specifically, this study is being done to (1) understand the effect of Vitamin D supplementation on behavior of breast cancer cells and (2) the development of invasive breast cancer disease.
In vitro, calcitriol, the most potent metabolite of vitamin D, inhibits a variety of cellular pathways that promote cell proliferation and survival. Vitamin D has been shown to reduce the growth of breast cancer precursor cells in cell culture studies. In animal models Vitamin D has been shown to prevent the growth and progression of transplanted cell lines MCF710A, which is a model of pre-invasive cancer. Serum Vitamin D level deficiency correlates with an increased risk of breast cancer, and reduced survival of breast cancer patients. Vitamin D is also recognized to have effects on immune cell function and autoimmunity. The safety profile of oral Vitamin D, and its metabolite calcitriol, was well established for moderate term and acute therapy worldwide. Potential additional primary and secondary benefits of vitamin D are a) the suppression of carcinogen-induced transformation or progression of breast epithelium, and b) the enhancement of innate immune defense of pre-invasive breast cancer lesions, and c) its qualification as a combination therapy when combined with other neoadjuvant therapies for DCIS.
Patients who have been diagnosed by core biopsy with carcinoma in situ, ductal or lobular, will be evaluated for vitamin d supplementation. Patients with vitamin d levels less than 50 will be eligible for participation. They will receive a one month (30 days) schedule of vitamin D supplementation and then proceed with the standard of care of surgical excision. Immunohistochemistry studies will be performed on the diagnostic core biopsy and the surgical specimen to evaluate the impact of vitamin d supplementation on: the proliferative index-ki67, proliferative marker- PCNA, proteins of the autophagy pathway (LC3B, ATG7), her2 localization, and levels of PMCA2 - calcium efflux channel.
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Inova Schar Cancer Institute
Inova Health Care Services
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-19T02:38:21-0400
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