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Several decades ago, France has made the choice to implement a national prevention program for congenital toxoplasmosis. The identification in their first trimester of pregnancy of all pregnant women who are susceptible to Toxoplasma infection has been mandatory since 1985. In 1992, the decision was made to extent the program to the monthly retesting of all women identified as not immune, in an attempt to reduce the number of severely infected children.
The systematic detection of all maternal and congenital infections has generated many questions from clinicians, biologists, parents and older patients, on the short and long-term prognosis of congenital toxoplasmosis, on the best tests to use to diagnose infections in mothers and children, on the efficacy of existing treatments, and on how to manage patients in the long-term.
The need to answer these many questions has prompted the medical team working within the laboratory and the outpatient department of the Parasitology Department at the Croix-Rousse Hospital in Lyon to implement a clinical research program. It is based on the systematic inclusion in our cohort of all pregnant women whose infection is confirmed, on their follow up, in order to monitor the outcome of pregnancy 2) and on the follow up of their children in order to confirm their infection or to rule it out. All congenitally infected subjects undergo clinical examinations, serological tests and ocular examination at least once a year without age limit.
The following data are prospectively collected in a dedicated database: gestational age at maternal infection and corresponding serological profile; type and dates of maternal treatment; findings of ultrasound tests and amniotic fluid analysis; serological and clinical findings at birth; types and dates of postnatal treatment; postnatal serological profiles; infection status at one year of age; long term clinical (ophthalmologic) et serological findings.
These data have allowed producing original findings on the risk of maternal-foetal transmission according to gestational age at maternal infection, on the long term ophthalmological outcome of congenital toxoplasmosis and to offer guidelines for the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of maternal and congenital infections.
These efforts are still to be maintained in the future in order
- to further analyse the impact of puberty, pregnancy, or adult co-morbidities on the risk of ophthalmological events
- to increase precision around our risk estimates for materno-foetal transmission,
- to continue innovating in terms of diagnostic strategy to improve tests performances and reduce costs
- to explore new potential clinical outcomes such as neuropsychiatric disorders associated with congenital and postnatal infection
- to determine if infections due to oocysts could have different clinical outcomes than those due to the ingestion of cysts
- to assess the efficacy of treatments for maternal and congenital infections
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Croix Rousse Hospital
Hospices Civils de Lyon
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-19T02:38:21-0400
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One of the short-acting SULFONAMIDES used in combination with PYRIMETHAMINE to treat toxoplasmosis in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and in newborns with congenital infections.
Prenatal protozoal infection with TOXOPLASMA gondii which is associated with injury to the developing fetal nervous system. The severity of this condition is related to the stage of pregnancy during which the infection occurs; first trimester infections are associated with a greater degree of neurologic dysfunction. Clinical features include HYDROCEPHALUS; MICROCEPHALY; deafness; cerebral calcifications; SEIZURES; and psychomotor retardation. Signs of a systemic infection may also be present at birth, including fever, rash, and hepatosplenomegaly. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p735)
The acquired form of infection by Toxoplasma gondii in animals and man.
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Congenital conditions are those which are present from birth. They include structural deformities or loss of function in organs such as the <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->heart, gut or skeletal system. They can be corrected by <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->surgery, m...
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