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Retrospective multicentric observational study exploring the population of adult neuromuscular patients presenting a respiratory distress requiring their admission in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) for ventilatory support.
Research of markers associated with long term mortality and ventilatory status.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Retrospective
CHU Clermont Ferrand
Hospices Civils de Lyon
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-19T02:38:21-0400
The indications for mechanical ventilation (MV) include excessive work of breathing, with or without evidence of respiratory muscle fatigue. The setting of the MV is still a challenge beca...
Pediatric patients often require prolonged mechanical ventilation after cardiac surgery which comes with many undesirable effects. As a result, neurally-adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) ...
Noninvasive ventilation is a therapeutic option in some patients with chronic respiratory failure. Patients usually ventilate during nightime with a domiciliary ventilator either in assist...
The study is aimed to assess the possible benefit of non-positive pressure mechanical support in front of conventional ventilation in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) bec...
Acute respiratory failure is a heterogeneous disorder that results in more than 300,000 Americans requiring admission to an intensive care unit for invasive mechanical ventilatory support ...
Early Noninvasive Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist Versus Noninvasive Flow-Triggered Pressure Support Ventilation in Pediatric Acute Respiratory Failure: A Physiologic Randomized Controlled Trial.
Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist has been shown to improve patient-ventilator interaction in children with acute respiratory failure. Objective of this study was to compare the effect of noninvasi...
Volume-targeted noninvasive ventilation (VT-NIV), a hybrid mode that delivers a preset target tidal volume (VT) through the automated adjustment of pressure support, could guarantee a relatively const...
Cardioventilatory phase synchronization was studied in ten critically ill patients admitted in intensive care unit (ICU) for acute respiratory failure under two mechanical ventilatory modes: i) pressu...
Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is a potentially life-saving procedure for trauma patients with severe respiratory failure. Despite this, only a limited number of publications report series of trau...
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis is a progressive neuromuscular disease resulting in respiratory failure and death. Use of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) improves survival. However, use of Volume-Assured...
Care of patients with deficiencies and abnormalities associated with the cardiopulmonary system. It includes the therapeutic use of medical gases and their administrative apparatus, environmental control systems, humidification, aerosols, ventilatory support, bronchopulmonary drainage and exercise, respiratory rehabilitation, assistance with cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and maintenance of natural, artificial, and mechanical airways.
Techniques for effecting the transition of the respiratory-failure patient from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation, while meeting the criteria that tidal volume be above a given threshold (greater than 5 ml/kg), respiratory frequency be below a given count (less than 30 breaths/min), and oxygen partial pressure be above a given threshold (PaO2 greater than 50mm Hg). Weaning studies focus on finding methods to monitor and predict the outcome of mechanical ventilator weaning as well as finding ventilatory support techniques which will facilitate successful weaning. Present methods include intermittent mandatory ventilation, intermittent positive pressure ventilation, and mandatory minute volume ventilation.
Respiratory support system used primarily with rates of about 100 to 200/min with volumes of from about one to three times predicted anatomic dead space. Used to treat respiratory failure and maintain ventilation under severe circumstances.
Application of a life support system that circulates the blood through an oxygenating system, which may consist of a pump, a membrane oxygenator, and a heat exchanger. Examples of its use are to assist victims of smoke inhalation injury, respiratory failure, and cardiac failure.
Biological actions and events that support the functions of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM.
Asthma COPD Cystic Fibrosis Pneumonia Pulmonary Medicine Respiratory Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are any infection of the sinuses, throat, airways or lungs. They're usually caused by viruses, but they can also ...