Vitamin D Supplementation and Respiratory Index of Severity in Children (RISC) in Pneumonia

2016-10-19 02:38:21 | BioPortfolio


Childhood deaths from pneumonia is almost 2000 times higher in developing countries than in developed countries. In 1970, pneumonia was responsible for 9% of all deaths in children under 5 years. This rate was 2% in 2007.

Some studies have shown that supplementing with vitamin D reduces disease of the respiratory tract infection. Some other studies have shown anti-inflammatory effect of vitamin D in cell lines. Studies about the role of vitamin D supplementation in pneumonia in children are inadequate to conclude about its role.

The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy of vitamin D supplementation in Respiratory Index of Severity in Children (RISC) hospitalized clinical outcomes of hospitalized patients with community-acquired pneumonia.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment




Vitamin D3, Placebo


Shahid Mohammadi hospital
Bandar Abbas
Iran, Islamic Republic of




Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-19T02:38:21-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A lipid cofactor that is required for normal blood clotting. Several forms of vitamin K have been identified: VITAMIN K 1 (phytomenadione) derived from plants, VITAMIN K 2 (menaquinone) from bacteria, and synthetic naphthoquinone provitamins, VITAMIN K 3 (menadione). Vitamin K 3 provitamins, after being alkylated in vivo, exhibit the antifibrinolytic activity of vitamin K. Green leafy vegetables, liver, cheese, butter, and egg yolk are good sources of vitamin K.

A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN D in the diet, insufficient production of vitamin D in the skin, inadequate absorption of vitamin D from the diet, or abnormal conversion of vitamin D to its bioactive metabolites. It is manifested clinically as RICKETS in children and OSTEOMALACIA in adults. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1406)

A family of phylloquinones that contains a ring of 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone and an isoprenoid side chain. Members of this group of vitamin K 1 have only one double bond on the proximal isoprene unit. Rich sources of vitamin K 1 include green plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria. Vitamin K1 has antihemorrhagic and prothrombogenic activity.

Pneumonia caused by infection with bacteria of the family RICKETTSIACEAE.

Pneumonia due to aspiration or inhalation of various oily or fatty substances.

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