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Hydronephrosis After Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF)

2016-11-30 15:45:12 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Anterior lumbar spinal surgery involves making an incision through the abdomen of the patient in order to access the spine. During this process, several internal structures are pushed aside in order to gain access. One of these structures is the ureter, whose function is to drain urine from the kidney to the bladder. One potential complication that can arise from this is dilation of the kidney - known as hydronephrosis. The aim of this study is to identify whether hydronephrosis after Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF) is complication, in order to bring this to the attention of health care professionals when considering this kind of surgery.

Description

A total of 40 patients who have had ALIF surgery will be invited to have an ultrasound scan of their kidney on the side where the operation was performed (where the scar is). Should hydronephrosis of this kidney be detected, the investigators will go on to scan the second kidney. Should hydronephrosis be detected the patient will be given a letter to take to their General Practitioner (GP) advising them to be referred to a Urologist.

Study Design

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Conditions

Hydronephrosis

Intervention

Ultrasound

Location

Queen's Medical Centre
Nottingham
United Kingdom
NG7 2UH

Status

Completed

Source

Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-11-30T15:45:12-0500

Clinical Trials [519 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Effectiveness of Antibiotics Versus Placebo to Treat Antenatal Hydronephrosis

This study focuses on the relationship between prophylaxis antibiotics and frequency of urinary tract infection in children diagnosed with antenatal hydronephrosis. Hydronephrosis is the m...

Emergency Department Targeted Ultrasound for the Detection of Hydronephrosis

An Emergency Department Targeted Ultrasound (EDTU) is an ultrasound examination performed by an emergency department physician, instead of a radiologist or ultrasound technician. EDTU is i...

Minimizing the Utilization of Voiding Cystourethrography for Patients With Antenatal Hydronephrosis

It has previously been found that there is no correlation between degree of hydronephrosis and presence of reflux; however this is oftentimes the criteria physicians use to obtain a VCUG.

Urinary Biomarkers as Predictors on Renal Function in Congenital Hydronephrosis

The purpose of this study is to detect new urinary biomarkers that can be used as predictors on renal function in congenital hydronephrosis caused by unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) ...

Alfuzosin Treatment in Children and Adolescents With Hydronephrosis of Neuropathic Etiology

Primary objective was to determine efficacy of Alfuzosin in the treatment of children and adolescents 2-16 years of age with newly diagnosed or progressive hydronephrosis due to elevated d...

PubMed Articles [1757 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Is hydronephrosis on ultrasound predictive of ureterolithiasis in patients with renal colic?

Renal ultrasound (US) accurately identifies hydronephrosis, but is less sensitive than computerized tomography (CT) for the detection of ureterolithiasis. This study investigated whether the presence ...

Radiation-free monitoring in the long-term follow-up of pyeloplasty: Are ultrasound new parameters good enough to evaluate a successful procedure?

Long-term evolution of residual hydronephrosis after successful pyeloplasty is not common. In this report, we have studied new ultrasound parameters, and have investigated the frequency of residual hy...

IMAGING DIAGNOSIS-RADIOGRAPHY AND ULTRASONOGRAPHY OF BILATERAL CONGENITAL URETEROVESICAL JUNCTION STENOSIS CAUSING HYDRONEPHROSIS AND HYDROURETER IN A FERRET (MUSTELA PUTORIUS FURO).

An 8-month-old neutered male ferret was presented for vaccination and preventive treatment for adrenal gland disease. Abdominal ultrasound revealed severe bilateral hydronephrosis and hydroureter. Exc...

Extreme hydronephrosis due to uretropelvic junction obstruction in infant (case report).

Hydronephrosis is the one of the most common congenital abnormalities of urinary tract. The left kidney is more commonly affected than the right side and is more common in males.

Urinary tract infections in children with prenatal hydronephrosis: A risk assessment from the Society for Fetal Urology Hydronephrosis Registry.

Risk factors for urinary tract infection (UTI) in children with prenatal hydronephrosis (PNH) are not clearly defined. Our study aim was to describe incidence and identify factors associated with UTI ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The use of ultrasound to guide minimally invasive surgical procedures such as needle ASPIRATION BIOPSY; DRAINAGE; etc. Its widest application is intravascular ultrasound imaging but it is useful also in urology and intra-abdominal conditions.

Tissue ablation of the PROSTATE performed by ultrasound from a transducer placed in the RECTUM. The procedure is used to treat prostate cancer (PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS) and benign prostatic hypertrophy (PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA).

Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with frequency-shifted ultrasound reflections produced by moving targets (usually red blood cells) in the bloodstream along the ultrasound axis in direct proportion to the velocity of movement of the targets, to determine both direction and velocity of blood flow. (Stedman, 25th ed)

Cancer or tumors of the URETER which may cause obstruction leading to hydroureter, HYDRONEPHROSIS, and PYELONEPHRITIS. HEMATURIA is a common symptom.

Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.

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