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The general aims of this project are (i) to identify predictive epigenetic biomarkers of lung disease severity in Cystic Fibrosis, (ii) to characterize a non-invasive cellular model, spontaneous sputum, for the analysis of these epigenetic biomarkers, (iii) to analyze the variations in DNA methylation for a same patient over time.
Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disease resulting from mutations in the CFTR gene. CFTR encodes a chloride channel, mainly expressed at the apical membrane of epithelial cells. CFTR dysfunction induces mucus thickening, causing multiple disorders in respiratory, digestive and reproductive tracts. In CF patients, lung disease is the main cause of morbidity and mortality, and its severity is variable among CF patients, even among those with the same genotype. This clinical variability depends on two factors: genetic (complex alleles of CFTR gene and modifier genes) and environmental factors. Genetic factors have been largely explored, and several modifier genes have been identified. By contrast, environmental factors are still poorly known. It is well established that environmental factors modify the phenotype by acting on epigenetic marks (i.e. DNA methylation, histone modification) present in the genome. Epigenetic modifications regulate and modulate gene expression.
In a previous we profiled DNA methylation genome-wide in nasal epithelial cell samples from 32 CF patients and 24 healthy controls. CF patients homozygous for the p.Phe508del mutation and >18-years-old were stratified according to the lung disease severity. Through this study, we identified 187 genomic regions (CpG dinucleotides) differentially methylated between CF patients with mild lung disease and CF patients with severe lung disease. The present project aims at identifying predictive epigenetic biomarkers of lung disease severity, among these 187 regions. While the previous study was carried out on genomic DNA extracted from nasal epithelial cells, in the present project we will use a non-invasive model: spontaneous sputum.
Hypothesis: some differentially methylated genomic regions between mild and severe CF patients can be used as predictive epigenetic biomarkers of lung disease severity in cystic fibrosis.
Objectives: (i) to identify predictive epigenetic biomarkers of lung disease severity among the differentially methylated genomic regions between mild and severe CF patients, (ii) to characterize a non-invasive cellular model, spontaneous sputum, for the analysis of epigenetic biomarkers of lung disease severity in CF, (iii) to analyze the variations in DNA methylation for a same patient over time (at time of inclusion, 6 months, 12 months and 18 months)
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Not yet recruiting
University Hospital, Montpellier
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-11-30T15:45:20-0500
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An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.
A chloride channel that regulates secretion in many exocrine tissues. Abnormalities in the CFTR gene have been shown to cause cystic fibrosis. (Hum Genet 1994;93(4):364-8)
A strain of mice widely studied as a model for cystic fibrosis. These mice are generated from embryonic stem cells in which the CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) gene is inactivated by gene targeting. As a result, all mice have one copy of this altered gene in all their tissues. Mice homozygous for the disrupted gene exhibit many features common to young cystic fibrosis patients, including failure to thrive, meconium ileus, and alteration of mucous and serous glands.
A species of STENOTROPHOMONAS, formerly called Xanthomonas maltophilia, which reduces nitrate. It is a cause of hospital-acquired ocular and lung infections, especially in those patients with cystic fibrosis and those who are immunosuppressed.
A rehabilitation therapy for removal of copious mucus secretion from the lung of patients with diseases such as CHRONIC BRONCHITIS; BRONCHIECTASIS; PULMONARY ABSCESS; or CYSTIC FIBROSIS. The patient's head is placed in a downward incline (so the TRACHEA is inferior to the affected area) for 15- to 20-minute sessions.