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The allogenic stem cell transplantation (aSCT), the only curative approach for many hematological diseases often leads to severe diseases or chronic conditions, leaving patients with physical disabilities and severe depression and impacting their quality of life in many cases. These consequences are still not adequately addressed by conventional therapies. In this study, the investigators examine the influence of the three complementary medicine methods (CAM) namely acupuncture according to Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), music therapy according to the TaKeTiNa method and the psychological disease processing by theatrical clown performance on the quality of life and the therapy process of patients before and after aSCT.
The allogenic stem cell transplantation (aSCT) is still the only curative approach for many hematological diseases (1). Despite new therapeutic developments in the past few years, the therapy-associated mortality rate is around 20% (2). Patients develop a Graft versus Host Disease (GvHD) in 30-70% of the cases, some with persistent, severe progression and often complicated by infections. In severe chronic conditions, physical disabilities such as weakness, paralysis, scarred vulnerable skin, and blindness may occur (Braamse 2016). A significant reduction in the quality of life of these patients including severe depression is the consequence (3).
The demand of patients for supplementary therapy possibilities in the sense of an integrative, complementary medicine is great (4). There are indications that complementary methods can help improve the quality of life and reduce the associated side effects (5,6,7,8). However, there are no scientific studies to clarify the efficacy or safety of such therapies in the aSCT.
In this project, the investigators examine the influence of three complementary medicine methods, namely acupuncture according to Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), music therapy according to the TaKeTiNa method and the psychological disease processing by theatrical clown performance, on the quality of life and the therapy process of patients before and after aSCT.
Acupuncture according to TCM is an evidence-based therapy approach with few side effects for many diseases (9,10,11). In the past few years, not only their superiority over placebo treatment, but also the point-specific effect has been shown (12). Based on the numerous published data on pain, nausea, fatigue and depression, it can be assumed that acupuncture reduces the side effects of drug therapy in aSCT and thus improves the quality of life of patients.
According to TCM, the points influence the flow of the energy (referred to as "Qi") in the body and stimulate its self-regulation. In addition, each organ system associated to a different emotion. The unimpeded flow of the ongoing arising of emotions and body energies is, according to TCM, a prerequisite for the health of the organism.
In TCM, the acupuncture used to stimulate the self-regulation of the body is accompanied by the regular practice of Qi-Gong or Tai-Qi by the patient to achieve the greatest therapeutic effect between the treatments (13). This additive component can hardly be realized because of the severely restricted general state of the patients.
In order to mobilize the energy and emotions, this study also implements two further treatment modalities, which are practiced with the patient and which the patient can practice on a daily basis by himself:
TaKeTiNa is a form of music therapy founded by Reinhard Flatischler, in which body, voice and movement are used to develop present consciousness, physical feeling and rhythm skills. It has been used therapeutically for more than 20 years (14).
Furthermore, the processing of arising emotions needs to be facilitated. Patients undergoing an aSCT are exposed to a deeply invasive and debilitating situation for a period of at least four weeks. Characteristics are social isolation through limited visits as well as confinement to a small room, almost complete loss of the privacy and independence through frequent monitoring and lavation necessary during aSCT. Finally the confrontation with the illness, the side effects of the drug treatment and the possible death. Arising emotions can lead to a blockade in the energy flow of the respective organ according to TCM and can cause illness. Therefore, the introduction of six basic gestures from the clown performance according to the Metzler method (KANA-Institut für Koerperprache Freiburg) is intended to give the patient the opportunity to process his emotions in a playful manner in real time or to communicate them directly to another person without words.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Clown theatrical Performance, Acupuncture, Music Therapy TaKeTiNa
University of Erlangen Nuermberg Medical School
Not yet recruiting
University of Erlangen-Nürnberg Medical School
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-11-30T15:45:25-0500
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Acupuncture therapy by inserting needles in the ear. It is used to control pain and for treating various ailments.
The occupational discipline of the traditional Chinese methods of ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY for treating disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians.
A type of massage in which finger pressure on specific body sites is used to promote healing, relieve fatigue, etc. Although the anatomical locations are the same as the ACUPUNCTURE POINTS used in ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY (hence acu-), no needle or other acupuncture technique is employed in acupressure. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed). Shiatsu is a modern outgrowth that focuses more on prevention than healing.
A performance measure for rating the ability of a person to perform usual activities, evaluating a patient's progress after a therapeutic procedure, and determining a patient's suitability for therapy. It is used most commonly in the prognosis of cancer therapy, usually after chemotherapy and customarily administered before and after therapy. It was named for Dr. David A. Karnofsky, an American specialist in cancer chemotherapy.