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Health Outcomes Patient Education

2016-11-30 15:45:34 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study is designed to evaluate the feasibility of using digital-enabled education in clinical care in order to improve patient outcomes related to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). If effective, educational interventions could be used to improve the long-term survival of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and to make clinical care for these patients more cost effective.

Description

Studies have shown that educational interventions in patients nearing end-stage renal disease (ESRD) can delay the need for dialysis and increase the likelihood of the patient choosing in-home vs. in-center dialysis. Given the higher cost of in-center hemodialysis compared to in-home strategies, such as peritoneal dialysis, efforts at increasing use of in-home dialysis modalities are likely to be cost-effective. Moreover, while few studies of educational interventions have long-term follow-up, one study suggests that patients exposed to educational interventions have improved long-term survival once on dialysis.

The long-term goal is to improve clinical and patient-centered outcomes in patients transitioning from Chronic Kidney Disease Stage (CKD) IV and V to dialysis-requiring ESRD. The short-term goal of this pilot project is to evaluate the feasibility of delivering digital-enabled ESRD education to patients with CKD stage IV and V (eGFR<30ml/min/1.73m2, not yet on dialysis) in clinical care. The investigators will provide this education in the form of in-person nurse advice, online digital content including videos, and online messaging with a nurse, moderated patient group and peer mentor. The main objective of the educational program will be to 1) Increase awareness of options, 2) Prioritize options based on patient lifestyle and values, 3) Build confidence in modality decision.

The investigators will develop individualized, digitalized educational content (which includes videos, text and illustration) for patients with CKD that will increase awareness of ESRD care options including in-home hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis and choosing not to have dialysis. Patients will enroll in a month-long program during which they have access to the educational app, including lifestyle and modality educational content and online messaging where they can access a nurse for 1 on 1 discussion, a patient mentor for 1 on 1 discussion, and a patient group for group mentorship exercises. The investigators will pilot these materials in patients at high risk of progression to dialysis and evaluate the primary outcomes of whether they were able to complete the program and make a modality choice. Secondary outcomes will include assessments to determine the intervention's impact on patient dialysis modality awareness and likelihood of choosing a home-dialysis modality. At the end of the study, the investigators will provide an insights report to the study participants' doctors and survey the doctors to ascertain their perspectives on the usefulness of the educational program for their patients' care.

Study Design

Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label

Conditions

Chronic Kidney Disease

Intervention

Digital Education

Location

San Francisco VA Medical Center: Clinical Research Center
San Francisco
California
United States
94121

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University of California, San Francisco

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-11-30T15:45:34-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)

The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.

Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.

A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.

A chronic inflammatory condition of the KIDNEY resulting in diffuse renal destruction, a grossly enlarged and nonfunctioning kidney associated with NEPHROLITHIASIS and KIDNEY STONES.

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