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The aim of the study is to understand the relationship between intracranial pressure regulation, cerebral tissue oxygenation and cognitive functioning. More specifically, the study tests the hypothesis that head down tilt will increase intracranial pressure (not measured in this study, but demonstrated in previous studies), will induce venous congestion andfacial swelling, decrease intracranial tissue oxygenation and hamper brain functioning. The objectives of the study therefore are to assess young healthy people during HDT, and to assess cognitive brain functioning, cerebral tissue oxygenation (non-invasively), frontal skin thickness, cerebral perfusion and neuronal functioning via event-related potentials.
Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science
12° head down tilt
DLR German Aerospace Center
DLR German Aerospace Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-11-30T15:45:35-0500
Acute or chronic liver failure (fulminant hepatitis or advanced cirrhosis) disrupts brain physiology. Beyond classical hepatic encephalopathy, intracranial hypertension may occur.During li...
Patients in for treatment of benign intracranial hypertension will undergo two tests that are not routinely performed for these patients: central corneal thickness and axial length of the ...
The purpose of this study is to estimate the intracranial pressure (ICP, the pressure in your head) in subjects with intracranial hypotension (a condition caused by leakage of the fluid th...
The purpose of this study is to perform a prospective evaluation of the vasovagal syncope prediction algorithm, called Tilt Test Analyzer, during head up tilt testing tests in one center i...
The primary objective of this study is to show that cardiovascular risk factors associated with the chronic elevation of arterial resistance may be associated with "false" profiles of intr...
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signs of elevated intracranial pressure and idiopathic intracranial hypertension have been well characterized in adults but not in children. The MRIs of 50 children wi...
Trigonocephaly is caused by metopic suture synostosis. It is treated by fronto-orbital remodeling, not only to correct the deformity but also to prevent intracranial hypertension, the reported prevale...
The risk of optic disc haemorrhages on visual outcome in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is unknown. We report the type and frequency of optic disc haemorrhages and other funduscopic abnorm...
Intracranial pressure (ICP) is the pressure inside the bony calvarium and can be affected by a variety of processes, such as intracranial masses and edema, obstruction or leakage of cerebrospinal flui...
Increased pressure within the cranial vault. This may result from several conditions, including HYDROCEPHALUS; BRAIN EDEMA; intracranial masses; severe systemic HYPERTENSION; PSEUDOTUMOR CEREBRI; and other disorders.
Posture while lying with the head lower than the rest of the body. Extended time in this position is associated with temporary physiologic disturbances.
A well-circumscribed mass composed of tuberculous granulation tissue that may occur in the cerebral hemispheres, cerebellum, brain stem, or perimeningeal spaces. Multiple lesions are quite common. Management of intracranial manifestations vary with lesion site. Intracranial tuberculomas may be associated with SEIZURES, focal neurologic deficits, and INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION. Spinal cord tuberculomas may be associated with localized or radicular pain, weakness, sensory loss, and incontinence. Tuberculomas may arise as OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS, but also occur in immunocompetent individuals.
Diseases of the fourth cranial (trochlear) nerve or its nucleus in the midbrain. The nerve crosses as it exits the midbrain dorsally and may be injured along its course through the intracranial space, cavernous sinus, superior orbital fissure, or orbit. Clinical manifestations include weakness of the superior oblique muscle which causes vertical DIPLOPIA that is maximal when the affected eye is adducted and directed inferiorly. Head tilt may be seen as a compensatory mechanism for diplopia and rotation of the visual axis. Common etiologies include CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA and INFRATENTORIAL NEOPLASMS.
Bleeding into the SUBARACHNOID SPACE due to CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Minor hemorrhages may be asymptomatic; moderate to severe hemorrhages may be associated with INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION and VASOSPASM, INTRACRANIAL.