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First-line treatment with afatinib prolongs overall survival in patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring EGFR exon 19 deletion mutations. Conversely, somatic KRAS mutations are negative predictors for benefit from EGFR-targeting agents. In this study we want to compare a new highly sensitive method for the detection of EGFRdelEx19 and KRAS Exon 2 with targeted-resequencing multiplex-PCR (NGS).
First-line treatment with afatinib prolongs overall survival in patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring EGFR exon 19 deletion mutations. Conversely, somatic KRAS mutations are negative predictors for benefit from EGFR-targeting agents. Rapid availability of these biomarker results is mandatory to prevent delayed or inferior treatments.
Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is well-established for lung cancer diagnosis and staging. Next generation sequencing (NGS) via targeted resequencing allows simultaneous interrogation for multiple mutations, but has its limitations based on the amount of tumor tissue required and assay times. RT-PCR using Light-Cycler technology (LC-RTPCR) is a rapid and sensitive assay to detect somatic mutations in various tissues from NSCLC patients. The study's aim was to analyze if LC-RTPCR is feasible for rapid EGFRdelEx19 and KRAS Exon 2 mutation detection in EBUS-TBNA samples and to compare results with results obtained via standard NGS mutation analyses.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Retrospective
Lung Adenocarcinoma Metastatic
LC-RT-PCR and NGS
University Hospital, Essen
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-11-30T15:45:46-0500
This is a phase II, prospective, single arm, non comparative study with crizotinib combined with bevacizumab in treatment-naive lung adenocarcinoma cancer patients with ALK translocation o...
To gather preliminary safety and outcome data for the multimodality treatment of lung adenocarcinoma in the setting of multifocal BAC.
The investigators will conduct the randomized trial to determine the role of Gefitinib monotherapy as first-line setting in adenocarcinoma patients with no history of smoking, as compared ...
Phase I study. To determine the MTD (Maximum Tolerated Dose) of nintedanib + weekly Docetaxel in patients with locally advanced or metastatic lung adenocarcinoma after failure of platinum-...
The purpose of this study is to compare chemotherapy and gefitinib in combination with gefitinib alone as first-line therapy for adenocarcinoma, in terms of efficacy and safety.
MicroRNA-590 (miR-590) shows oncogenic functions in various tumor types, but little is known about biological functions of miR-590 in lung adenocarcinoma. In this study, we observe that miR-590 is not...
A PSA-negative, advanced adenocarcinoma of the prostate is a rare finding. Expression of thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) in the tumour in combination with a previous medical history of lung ade...
Lung cancer is the most frequent cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Metastases of non-small cell lung carcinoma to the oral and maxillofacial region are rare. Thus, the diagnosis of a metastatic...
Partitioning defective protein 3 (Par3) can activate the Tiam1/Rac pathway to inhibit invasion and metastasis in many cancers; however, the role of Par3 in lung adenocarcinoma remains unknown. Here we...
Controversy remains exist for the effect of adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT) among stage IB lung adenocarcinoma patients. This study aimed to investigate the predictive value of the current lung adenocarci...
A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.
An adenocarcinoma producing mucin in significant amounts. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
An adenocarcinoma of the thyroid gland, in which the cells are arranged in the form of follicles. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
An adenocarcinoma with a hard (Greek skirrhos, hard) structure owing to the formation of dense connective tissue in the stroma. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
An adenocarcinoma containing finger-like processes of vascular connective tissue covered by neoplastic epithelium, projecting into cysts or the cavity of glands or follicles. It occurs most frequently in the ovary and thyroid gland. (Stedman, 25th ed)