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The investigators objective is to assess the utility of renal biomarkers in predicting renal recovery following institution of Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (VA-ECMO). Tissue biomarkers of renal injury may provide a real-time indication of renal function and the likelihood of renal recovery in patients having cardiogenic shock and requiring VA-ECMO. In these patients, traditional markers of kidney function (urine output and serum Creatinine level) do not accurately represent renal function.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Acute Kidney Injury
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Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-12-01T16:08:21-0500
Some patients who undergo cardiovascular surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass will develop a kidney injury following their surgery. The purpose of this study is to take a blood sample ...
This study examines the clinical relevance of early biomarkers to detect and prevent acute kidney injury. High-risk patients for developing acute kidney injury will be screened at initial ...
The following objectives were used for comparison: 1)primary objective: Evaluate the urinary excretion of NGAL as a marker of early development of acute kidney injury in patients undergoin...
This study evaluates the impact of a biomarked guided intervention on the development of acute kidney injury in high risk surgical patients. Eligible patients are screened for marker of tu...
Acute renal injury is a common complication of critical illness. Drug induced renal insult compounds the degree of injury in many patients, and a great deal of research has focused on prev...
Acute kidney injury is common and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Rates of acute kidney injury in most settings remain high and in some settings are increasing. Moreover, outcome...
Background The epidemiologic characteristics of children and young adults with acute kidney injury have been described in single-center and retrospective studies. We conducted a multinational, prospec...
Recent studies showed that mitochondrial injury and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage are associated with the initiation and progression of acute kidney injury (AKI). However, practical limitations of ...
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether urinary kidney injury molecule‑1 (KIM‑1) presents a suitable early diagnostic biomarker of obstructive nephropathy‑induced acute kidney in...
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common clinical syndrome with poor prognosis. The insensitivity and non-specificity of traditional markers of renal dysfunction prevent timely estimation of the severity...
Abrupt reduction in kidney function defined as an absolute increase in serum CREATININE of more than or equal to 0.3. mg/dl, a percentage increase in serum creatinine of more than or equal to 50%, or a reduction in urine output. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.
Acute kidney failure resulting from destruction of EPITHELIAL CELLS of the KIDNEY TUBULES. It is commonly attributed to exposure to toxic agents or renal ISCHEMIA following severe TRAUMA.
A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.
A complication of kidney diseases characterized by cell death involving KIDNEY PAPILLA in the KIDNEY MEDULLA. Damages to this area may hinder the kidney to concentrate urine resulting in POLYURIA. Sloughed off necrotic tissue may block KIDNEY PELVIS or URETER. Necrosis of multiple renal papillae can lead to KIDNEY FAILURE.
Conditions in which the function of KIDNEYS deteriorates suddenly in a matter of days or even hours. It is characterized by the sudden drop in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE; (GMR). The most severe stage is when the GFR drops below 15 ml per min (ACUTE KIDNEY FAILURE).
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...
Chronic kidney disease (CKD), also known as chronic renal disease, is a progressive loss in renal function over a period of months or years. The symptoms of worsening kidney function are non-specific, and might include feeling generally unwell and experi...