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Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the main reperfusion therapy in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The optimal platelet inhibition at the time of PCI is fundamental, however, the comparative speed of action of cangrelor as opposed to tirofiban and to chewed or integer loading dose of prasugrel is unknown.
The purpose of this trial is to assess the inhibition of platelet aggregation with different regimens on platelet inhibition (tirofiban bolus+infusion, cangrelor bolus+infusion, prasugrel chewed loading dose, prasugrel integer loading dose) in the early phase of primary PCI.
Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the main reperfusion therapy in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Ancillary pharmacological therapy includes dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and an inhibitor of P2Y12 receptor, responsible of adenosine diphosphate(ADP)-mediated platelet activation.Prasugrel and ticagrelor are the most recent and efficient oral P2Y12 inhibitors available to date. However, in STEMI even prasugrel and ticagrelor could have a significant delay of onset of action. Early in-ambulance administration can increase the inhibition of P2Y12 receptor, however, the benefits versus risks balance remain uncertain. Recently, small-scale independent studies suggested that chewed or crushed loading dose of ticagrelor or prasugrel can achieve more pronounced platelet inhibition compared with standard whole tablets soon after drug administration. Yet, the delay in platelet inhibition remains considerable even after chewed or crushed loading dose of newer oral P2Y12 inhibitors and suboptimal modulation of platelet reactivity at the time of primary intervention may persist. Tirofiban and cangrelor are intravenous drugs with a more rapid onset and offset of action compared with oral agents. Both agents have been extensively tested in clinical trials including patients with STEMI. However, the comparative speed of action of cangrelor as opposed to tirofiban and to chewed or integer loading dose of prasugrel is unknown. The proposed investigation will have a prospective, randomized, design in which STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI will be randomized to receive Cangrelor or Tirofiban or Prasugrel (these patients will be further randomized to receive chewed or integer tablets). Pharmacodynamic testing will be performed at several time points to test the investigators' study hypotheses: 1) Cangrelor will have similar inhibitory effect to Tirofiban (non-inferiority of Cangrelor compared with Tirofiban); 2) Compared with Prasugrel, Cangrelor and Tirofiban will achieve more prompt and enhanced platelet inhibitory effects (superiority of both Tirofiban and Cangrelor to integer Prasugrel); 3) Compared with integer loading dose of Prasugrel, chewed Prasugrel regimen will achieve more prompt and enhanced platelet inhibitory effects (superiority of chewed Prasugrel to integer Prasugrel). This study will provide insights on the pharmacodynamic effects of these drugs and will help clinicians choose the most appropriate treatment to avoid complications related to inadequate platelet inhibition in the early phase of patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Coronary Artery Disease
Cangrelor, Tirofiban, Prasugrel
Group Hospitalier Pitié-Salpetrière
Not yet recruiting
University Hospital Inselspital, Berne
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-12-01T16:08:22-0500
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