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Mentored Research on Improving Alcohol Brief Interventions in Medical Settings

2016-12-01 16:08:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The NIAAA estimates that 16% (40 million) of adults in the US are drinking at unsafe levels. More than 50% of alcohol health consequences occur in risky, non-dependent drinkers. Increasing the efficacy and efficiency of brief interventions in medical setting could significantly reduce the public health impacts of risky drinking. There is intense interest in conducting motivational interviewing (MI) informed brief interventions for risky alcohol use in medical settings, but little empirical information is available regarding which MI behavioral and interpersonal style components drive effectiveness. The field would benefit greatly from empirically-based Stage 1 treatment development and modeling studies to delineate the degree to which adding motivational interviewing components to brief intervention improves outcome.

Description

The NIAAA estimates that 16% (40 million) of adults in the US are drinking at unsafe levels, placing them at risk for a variety of physical, mental health, and social consequences. More than 50% of alcohol health consequences occur in risky, non-dependent drinkers. Increasing the efficacy and efficiency of brief interventions in medical setting could significantly reduce the public health impacts of risky drinking. Despite overall positive findings for brief interventions, there are high levels of variability in effects, with meta-analyses reporting significant unexplained heterogeneity in outcomes that is likely accounted for by differences in intervention components and strategies. There is intense interest in conducting motivational interviewing (MI) informed brief interventions for risky alcohol use in medical settings, but little empirical information is available regarding which MI behavioral and interpersonal style components drive effectiveness.

Following promising efficacy trials from counseling applications, MI was translated into brief (5-15 minute) interactions and subjected to randomized controlled trial methodology. Lack of mixed-methods, Stage 1 treatment development is evidenced by our inability to provide consistent delineation of key intervention components and mechanisms of action. Variability in these factors is likely responsible for the wide variability in effects observed in meta-analyses of brief interventions. Many MI skills and behaviors require significant training and supervision and increased patient-provider interaction time. The field would benefit greatly from empirically-based Stage 1 treatment development and modeling studies to delineate the degree to which adding motivational interviewing components to brief intervention improves outcome.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Conditions

Alcohol Abuse

Intervention

Brief Advice, NIAAA Clinician's Guide, Motivational Interviewing (MI)

Location

The University of New Mexico
Albuquerque
New Mexico
United States
87131

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of New Mexico

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-12-01T16:08:22-0500

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PubMed Articles [4170 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

It is a client-centered, directive method for eliciting intrinsic motivation to change using open-ended questions, reflective listening, and decisional balancing. This nonjudgmental, nonconfrontational interviewing style is designed to minimize a patient's resistance to change by creating an interaction that supports open discussion of risky or problem behavior.

Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts research focused on improving the treatment and prevention of alcoholism and alcohol-related problems to reduce the health, social, and economic consequences of this disease. NIAAA, NIMH, and NIDA were created as coequal institutes within the Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration in 1974. It was established within the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH in 1992.

Providing the patient, family or others information, and then allowing them to take an action or restate the information in their own words. The clinician prefaces communications with a statement framed to show the clinician has the burden of effective communication rather than the patient.

Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It supports a comprehensive research portfolio that focuses on the biological, social, behavioral and neuroscientific bases of drug abuse on the body and brain as well as its causes, prevention, and treatment. NIDA, NIAAA, and NIMH were created as coequal institutes within the Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration in 1974. It was established within the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH in 1992.

Substances interfering with the metabolism of ethyl alcohol, causing unpleasant side effects thought to discourage the drinking of alcoholic beverages. Alcohol deterrents are used in the treatment of alcoholism.

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