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Ventilator-Associated Events: Prevalence, Outcome and Preventability

2016-12-01 16:08:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of ventilator-associated events (VAE). To analyze the patients profile, morbidity and mortality compared to patients who did not develope VAE. The preventability of VAE will be assessed by comparing the percentage of adherence to the bundle of preventive measures among patients who developed and did not develope VAE.

Description

This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data, approved by the Research Ethics Committee of Hospital Sao Domingos. The need for informed consent was waived.

Included were all patients admitted to a surgical (13 beds) and medical (32 beds) of a tertiary hospital over a 3-year period (February 2013 to January 2016), aged above 18 years and submitted to mechanical ventilation for at least 4 days.

At admission and daily the following data were collected: head of bed elevation, daily interruption of sedation, gastric ulcer prevention, Thromboembolism prophylaxis, aspiration of subglottic secretions, oral care with chlorhexidine gluconate and monitoring of endotracheal tube cuff pressure.

Identification of VAE, Ventilator-associated condition (VAC), Infectious condition associated to mechanical ventilation (IVAC) and ventilator-associated pneumonia possible and probable followed definition criteria of the National Healthcare Safety Network / Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

The percentage of adherence to the bundle of preventive measures of VAE prevention was registered.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Retrospective

Conditions

Ventilator-Associated Lung Injury

Status

Completed

Source

Hospital Sao Domingos

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-12-01T16:08:22-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Lung damage that is caused by the adverse effects of PULMONARY VENTILATOR usage. The high frequency and tidal volumes produced by a mechanical ventilator can cause alveolar disruption and PULMONARY EDEMA.

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Damage to any compartment of the lung caused by physical, chemical, or biological agents which characteristically elicit inflammatory reaction. These inflammatory reactions can either be acute and dominated by NEUTROPHILS, or chronic and dominated by LYMPHOCYTES and MACROPHAGES.

A condition of lung damage that is characterized by bilateral pulmonary infiltrates (PULMONARY EDEMA) rich in NEUTROPHILS, and in the absence of clinical HEART FAILURE. This can represent a spectrum of pulmonary lesions, endothelial and epithelial, due to numerous factors (physical, chemical, or biological).

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