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Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have a 20-fold increased risk of cardiovascular mortality compared to the general population. Arterial stiffness, likely due to vascular calcification (VC), has been shown to predict cardiovascular mortality in ESRD. Serum calcification propensity (T50) is a novel biomarker, which is believed to reflect the propensity toward ectopic calcification (e.g. VC). Increasing serum magnesium (sMg) should increase T50, which might in turn reduce the formation of VC in patients with ESRD. A cheap and easy way of achieving this would be to increase the concentration of Mg in the dialysate (dMg) of patients with ESRD treated with haemodialysis (HD).
The investigators wish to conduct a randomised controlled double-blind clinical trial to examine whether increasing dMg will improve T50 in subjects with ESRD treated with HD.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Endstage Renal Disease
Dialysate magnesium (1.0 mmol/L), Dialysate magnesium (0.5 mmol/L)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-12-01T16:08:22-0500
A prospective, randomized, controlled multicenter trial to evaluate 1.25 mmol/L (physiological) vs. 1.5 mmol/L calcium dialysate on serum markers of mineral metabolism, secondary hyperpara...
The study aims to determine the effect size of magnesium and bicarbonate supplementation as a basis for future randomized controlled trials aiming at the T50-guided improvement of hard cli...
The study is being performed to better understand dialysis techniques which keep heart functions stable during dialysis. People on dialysis have a high risk for heart disease and strokes....
The high rate of cardiovascular complications in the dialysis population cannot be explained by traditional cardiovascular risk factors. One of such factors proposed to contribute to the c...
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an important model of renal replacement therapy for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Thus far, evidence for the initiation dosage of PD treatment is lac...
Low-level bacterial and endotoxin contamination of water used to generate dialysate propagates chronic inflammation in patients with a wide-range of potential adverse consequences, including erythropo...
Magnesium is essential for optimal sport performance, generating an interest to monitor its status in athletes. However, before measuring magnesium status in blood could become routine, more insight i...
Studies on the homeostasis of magnesium in alcohol-dependent patients have often been characterized by low hypomagnesemia detection rates. This may be due to the fact that the content of magnesium in ...
Epidemiological studies have shown that magnesium intake/excretion is inversely correlated with blood pressure (BP), and artificial supplementation of magnesium was able to prevent hypertension. Howev...
Magnesium balance is infrequently discussed in the dialysis population, and the clinical consequences of derangements in magnesium homeostasis are incompletely understood. There is an association betw...
Magnesium chloride. An inorganic compound consisting of one magnesium and two chloride ions. The compound is used in medicine as a source of magnesium ions, which are essential for many cellular activities. It has also been used as a cathartic and in alloys.
Magnesium oxide (MgO). An inorganic compound that occurs in nature as the mineral periclase. In aqueous media combines quickly with water to form magnesium hydroxide. It is used as an antacid and mild laxative and has many nonmedicinal uses.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of magnesium in the diet, characterized by anorexia, nausea, vomiting, lethargy, and weakness. Symptoms are paresthesias, muscle cramps, irritability, decreased attention span, and mental confusion, possibly requiring months to appear. Deficiency of body magnesium can exist even when serum values are normal. In addition, magnesium deficiency may be organ-selective, since certain tissues become deficient before others. (Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1936)
Inorganic compounds that contain magnesium as an integral part of the molecule.
A generic term for a variety of compounds that contain silicon, oxygen, and magnesium, and may contain hydrogen. Examples include TALC and some kinds of ASBESTOS.
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...
In medicine, dialysis is a process for removing waste and excess water from the blood, and is primarily used to provide an artificial replacement for lost kidney function in people with renal failure. Dialysis may be used for those with an acute disturba...