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To compare the differences of fecal microflora between constipated and non-constipated healthy children, and evaluate the efficacy of probiotics in reducing symptoms of constipation and the influence of intestinal microflora in children with functional constipation.
The investigators performed a monocentric, prospective, randomized controlled trial including 120 pediatric patients (aged 6 months - 10 years old) with functional constipation and 30 healthy age-matched healthy children as control. The investigators shall evaluate the children according to the Rome III Diagnostic Criteria for functional constipation.
The 120 enrolled patients are randomized in to two groups: Group A receiving magnesium oxide and probiotics (MIYAIRI-BM), Group B receiving only magnesium oxide. Each patient is assigned the evaluation constipation symptoms and detection of microflora (beneficial and harmful bacteria) in fecal samples at the enrollment, 4 weeks, and 12 weeks. Patients who take less than 80% of the appropriate dose of medications are withdrawn from the study. All patients included in the study will be given informed oral consent before entering the study.
The data of the fecal microflora evaluated in 60 healthy children are used as control.
Magnesium Oxide, MIYAIRI-BM
Chang Gung Memorial Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-02-17T13:23:21-0500
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Magnesium oxide (MgO). An inorganic compound that occurs in nature as the mineral periclase. In aqueous media combines quickly with water to form magnesium hydroxide. It is used as an antacid and mild laxative and has many nonmedicinal uses.
A material used for cementation of inlays, crowns, bridges, and orthodontic appliances and occasionally as a temporary restoration. It is prepared by mixing zinc oxide and magnesium oxide powders with a liquid consisting principally of phosphoric acid, water, and buffers. (From Bouchers' Clinical Dental Terminology, 3d ed)
Magnesium chloride. An inorganic compound consisting of one magnesium and two chloride ions. The compound is used in medicine as a source of magnesium ions, which are essential for many cellular activities. It has also been used as a cathartic and in alloys.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of magnesium in the diet, characterized by anorexia, nausea, vomiting, lethargy, and weakness. Symptoms are paresthesias, muscle cramps, irritability, decreased attention span, and mental confusion, possibly requiring months to appear. Deficiency of body magnesium can exist even when serum values are normal. In addition, magnesium deficiency may be organ-selective, since certain tissues become deficient before others. (Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1936)
Inorganic compounds that contain magnesium as an integral part of the molecule.
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