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This study will test the feasibility of using novel/existing imaging technologies focused on hypoxia measurements to determine "response to therapy" in pediatric soft tissue sarcomas as a pilot study. Specifically, the investigators will compare the sensitivity of Blood Oxygen Level Dependent [BOLD], Diffusion-Weighted [DW] MRI, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) and 18F-FAZA PET-MRI with that of conventional MRI to detect measurement changes between the start and completion of neoadjuvant therapy ("response to therapy") in children and adolescents (7-18 years) with suspicion of sarcoma tumors. Clinicians and scientists may use results of the proposed hypoxia-imaging surrogate markers to adjust/modify therapeutic schemes to patients on a personalized basis.
18F-FAZA (F18-Fluoroazomycin Arabinoside), Blood Oxygen Level Dependent [BOLD] MRI, Diffusion-Weighted [DW] MRI, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy [MRS]
The Hospital for Sick Children
Enrolling by invitation
The Hospital for Sick Children
Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-02-17T13:23:21-0500
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The property of blood capillary ENDOTHELIUM that allows for the selective exchange of substances between the blood and surrounding tissues and through membranous barriers such as the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER; BLOOD-AQUEOUS BARRIER; BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER; BLOOD-NERVE BARRIER; BLOOD-RETINAL BARRIER; and BLOOD-TESTIS BARRIER. Small lipid-soluble molecules such as carbon dioxide and oxygen move freely by diffusion. Water and water-soluble molecules cannot pass through the endothelial walls and are dependent on microscopic pores. These pores show narrow areas (TIGHT JUNCTIONS) which may limit large molecule movement.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
A large increase in oxygen uptake by neutrophils and most types of tissue macrophages through activation of an NADPH-cytochrome b-dependent oxidase that reduces oxygen to a superoxide. Individuals with an inherited defect in which the oxidase that reduces oxygen to superoxide is decreased or absent (GRANULOMATOUS DISEASE, CHRONIC) often die as a result of recurrent bacterial infections.
A condition of decreased oxygen content at the cellular level.
Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
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