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This study will test the feasibility of using novel/existing imaging technologies focused on hypoxia measurements to determine "response to therapy" in pediatric soft tissue sarcomas as a pilot study. Specifically, the investigators will compare the sensitivity of Blood Oxygen Level Dependent [BOLD], Diffusion-Weighted [DW] MRI, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) and 18F-FAZA PET-MRI with that of conventional MRI to detect measurement changes between the start and completion of neoadjuvant therapy ("response to therapy") in children and adolescents (7-18 years) with suspicion of sarcoma tumors. Clinicians and scientists may use results of the proposed hypoxia-imaging surrogate markers to adjust/modify therapeutic schemes to patients on a personalized basis.
18F-FAZA (F18-Fluoroazomycin Arabinoside), Blood Oxygen Level Dependent [BOLD] MRI, Diffusion-Weighted [DW] MRI, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy [MRS]
The Hospital for Sick Children
Enrolling by invitation
The Hospital for Sick Children
Published on BioPortfolio: 2017-02-17T13:23:21-0500
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The property of blood capillary ENDOTHELIUM that allows for the selective exchange of substances between the blood and surrounding tissues and through membranous barriers such as the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER; BLOOD-AQUEOUS BARRIER; BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER; BLOOD-NERVE BARRIER; BLOOD-RETINAL BARRIER; and BLOOD-TESTIS BARRIER. Small lipid-soluble molecules such as carbon dioxide and oxygen move freely by diffusion. Water and water-soluble molecules cannot pass through the endothelial walls and are dependent on microscopic pores. These pores show narrow areas (TIGHT JUNCTIONS) which may limit large molecule movement.
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A condition of decreased oxygen content at the cellular level.
Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
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