Perfusion CT as a Predictor of Treatment Response in Patients With Hepatic Malignancies
The purpose of this study is to determine whether baseline CT perfusion characteristics (measurements of blood-flow using CT) of hepatic cancers can predict tumor response to treatment and whether perfusion CT after treatment can be used as a biomarker for response to treatment. Treatment may consist of chemotherapy or stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT)or embolization therapy.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Stanford University School of Medicine
Not yet recruiting
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01163526
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Tumors whose cells possess secretory granules and originate from the neuroectoderm, i.e., the cells of the ectoblast or epiblast that program the neuroendocrine system. Common properties across most neuroendocrine tumors include ectopic hormone production (often via APUD CELLS), the presence of tumor-associated antigens, and isozyme composition.
A group of carcinomas which share a characteristic morphology, often being composed of clusters and trabecular sheets of round "blue cells", granular chromatin, and an attenuated rim of poorly demarcated cytoplasm. Neuroendocrine tumors include carcinoids, small ("oat") cell carcinomas, medullary carcinoma of the thyroid, Merkel cell tumor, cutaneous neuroendocrine carcinoma, pancreatic islet cell tumors, and pheochromocytoma. Neurosecretory granules are found within the tumor cells. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
A 38-kDa integral membrane glycoprotein of the presynaptic vesicles in neuron and neuroendocrine cells. It is expressed by a variety of normal and neoplastic neuroendocrine cells and is therefore used as an immunocytochemical marker for neuroendocrine differentiation in various tumors. In ALZHEIMER DISEASE and other dementing disorders, there is an important synapse loss due in part to a decrease of synaptophysin in the presynaptic vesicles.
Neuroendocrine Secretory Protein 7b2
An acidic protein found in the NEUROENDOCRINE SYSTEM that functions as a molecular chaperone for PROPROTEIN CONVERTASE 2.
The chilling of a tissue or organ during decreased BLOOD perfusion or in the absence of blood supply. Cold ischemia time during ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION begins when the organ is cooled with a cold perfusion solution after ORGAN PROCUREMENT surgery, and ends after the tissue reaches physiological temperature during implantation procedures. WARM ISCHEMIA TIME starts then and ends with completion of SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS.
A prospective observational study containing three arms comprising different therapeutic measures to treat patients with neuroendocrine tumors in advanced stages. The therapy arms include...
This research involves the study of neuroendocrine tumors in order to better understand how the disease grows and spreads. This study requires will use tissue collected from from biopsies...
Given the lack of other viable treatment options for metastatic neuroendocrine tumors, contrasted with our positive anecdotal experience, and the relative tolerability of the treatment reg...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether monitoring of levels of Serological Markers ProGRP, CgA, NSE and Pyruvate Kinase M2 are effective in the Evaluation of Diagnosis, Monitori...
The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if I-131 Metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) can shrink or slow the growth of the tumor(s) in patients with metastatic neuroendocrine tumors...
PAX (paired box) genes encode a family of transcription factors important for organogenesis. Recently, PAX8 has been recognized as a potential immunohistochemical marker of pancreatic neuroendocrine t...
Neuroendocrine tumors are considered rare tumors: recently an increased incidence and an improvement in survival were described. We explore distribution, incidence and survival of neuroendocrine tumor...
The molecular pathogenesis of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors is largely unknown. We hypothesize that gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors are heterogeneous with regard to these s...
Neuroendocrine neoplasms of the digestive system are classified by current World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines as G1 and G2 neuroendocrine tumors (NET) as well as neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC)...
BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine tumors are rare neoplasms arising from neural and epithelial origin. METHODS AND RESULTS: The case records of 4 patients with the diagnosis of neuroendocrine laryngeal tumor...