Study of the Effect of VX-770 on Hyperpolarized Helium-3 Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Subjects With Cystic Fibrosis and the G551D Mutation
Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. The encoded protein, CFTR, is an epithelial chloride ion channel responsible for aiding in the regulation of salt and water absorption and secretion in various tissues. Although the disease affects multiple organs, the leading cause of mortality is the progressive loss of lung function. Obstruction of airways with thick mucous, chronic bacterial infection of the airways, and inflammatory response are all thought to play a role in causing lung damage. Through its function as a chloride channel, CFTR is believed to be integral in epithelial ion and water transport and hence, maintaining the normal hydration of lung secretions.
VX-770 is a potent and selective potentiator of wild-type, G551D, F508del, and R117H forms of human CFTR. Based on in vitro studies and pharmacologic, pharmacokinetic (PK), and safety profiles, VX-770 has been selected for clinical development as a possible treatment for patients with CF.
Hyperpolarized noble gas magnetic resonance imaging (HG-MRI) is a promising new means of assessing lung function by direct imaging of certain non-radioactive isotopes of an inert noble gas, such as helium or xenon. Through this technique, high-resolution 3-dimensional images of lung ventilation can be obtained in both pediatric and adult patients during a single short breath-hold following inhalation of the gas.
The objectives of this study are to evaluate the effect of VX-770 on hyperpolarized 3He-MRI, and to evaluate the safety and efficacy of VX-770 in subjects aged 12 years and older with CF who have the G551D-CFTR mutation.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Treatment
University of Virginia, Radiology, School of Medicine
Not yet recruiting
Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01161537
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.
Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator
A chloride channel that regulates secretion in many exocrine tissues. Abnormalities in the CFTR gene have been shown to cause cystic fibrosis. (Hum Genet 1994;93(4):364-8)
Mice, Inbred Cftr
A strain of mice widely studied as a model for cystic fibrosis. These mice are generated from embryonic stem cells in which the CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) gene is inactivated by gene targeting. As a result, all mice have one copy of this altered gene in all their tissues. Mice homozygous for the disrupted gene exhibit many features common to young cystic fibrosis patients, including failure to thrive, meconium ileus, and alteration of mucous and serous glands.
A species of STENOTROPHOMONAS, formerly called Xanthomonas maltophilia, which reduces nitrate. It is a cause of hospital-acquired ocular and lung infections, especially in those patients with cystic fibrosis and those who are immunosuppressed.
A rehabilitation therapy for removal of copious mucus secretion from the lung of patients with diseases such as CHRONIC BRONCHITIS; BRONCHIECTASIS; PULMONARY ABSCESS; or CYSTIC FIBROSIS. The patient's head is placed in a downward incline (so the TRACHEA is inferior to the affected area) for 15- to 20-minute sessions.
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