Biomarker Changes in Samples From Young Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia
RATIONALE: Studying samples of blood or tumor tissue from patients with cancer in the laboratory may help doctors learn about changes that occur in DNA and identify biomarkers related to cancer.
PURPOSE: This research study is studying biomarker changes in samples from young patients with acute myeloid leukemia.
- Map key histone modifications and cytosine methylation in leukemia cell lines with defined oncogenic mutations.
- Acquire genome-wide maps of key histone modifications and cytosine methylation for primary leukemia in samples from patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
- Investigate functional relationships between genetic and epigenetic landscapes in AML.
OUTLINE: Archived samples are analyzed in vivo and in vitro (cell line) for histone modification and cytosine methylation. Genome-wide locations of 5 histone modifications are analyzed using chip-Seq, as well as DNA methylation analysis at nucleotide-resolution by high-throughput bisulfite sequencing. These epigenetic data are correlated with genomic data (sequence analysis, expression array, SNP array).
DNA methylation analysis, gene expression analysis, microarray analysis, polymorphism analysis, laboratory biomarker analysis
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01139931
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The simultaneous analysis, on a microchip, of multiple samples or targets arranged in an array format.
Molecular Diagnostic Techniques
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques used in the diagnosis of disease. Included are such techniques as IN SITU HYBRIDIZATION of chromosomes for CYTOGENETIC ANALYSIS; OLIGONUCLEOTIDE ARRAY SEQUENCE ANALYSIS of gene expression patterns in disease states; identification of pathogenic organisms by analysis of species specific DNA sequences; and detection of mutations with POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION.
A method of chemical analysis based on the detection of characteristic radionuclides following a nuclear bombardment. It is also known as radioactivity analysis. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis
The detection of RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISMS by selective PCR amplification of restriction fragments derived from genomic DNA followed by electrophoretic analysis of the amplified restriction fragments.
Analysis based on the mathematical function first formulated by Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Fourier in 1807. The function, known as the Fourier transform, describes the sinusoidal pattern of any fluctuating pattern in the physical world in terms of its amplitude and its phase. It has broad applications in biomedicine, e.g., analysis of the x-ray crystallography data pivotal in identifying the double helical nature of DNA and in analysis of other molecules, including viruses, and the modified back-projection algorithm universally used in computerized tomography imaging, etc. (From Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
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